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Lesson Two 33

There are traders in Tibet.
b. དགོན་པར་གྲྭ་པ་གསུམ་འདུག།
go̲mbaa [go̲mbar] traba sūmHdu̲ù
monaste ryto m onk three exi st
There are three m onk s i n the m onastery.
i̅In spoken Tibetan, final vowels become long in the dativelocative. Thus དགོན་པར་
is pronouncedin spoken as go̲mbaa rather than go̲mbar, and ཨ་མེ་རི་ཀར་ below is
pronounced ə̅merigaa. ཚེ་ c.
c. ཨ་མེ་རི་ཀར་སློབ་གྲྭ་བ་ཡོད་པ་རེད།

ə̅m eri gaa [ə̅meri gar] lābdraà[lōbdrawa] y ɔ̲ɔ̀reè
americato student exist
There are students i nA m erica.
d. སློབ་གྲྭར་དགེ་རྒན་གསུ་མ་འདུག།
lābdraa [lobdra r] ge̲gen sūm du̲ù
schoo0 to teacher three exist [ ]
There are three teachers i n the school.
e. ཡུལ་དེར་རྒྱལ་པོ་ཡོད་པ་རེད།
yü̲ü̲de̲e gy ɛ̲bo y ɔ̲ɔ̀reè
place thautoking exist
There are ki ngs i n that country.
f. ཨ་མེ་རི་ཀར་ཞིང་པ་ཡོད་པ་རེད།
ə̅meri gaa [ə̅merigar] shi̲ŋbəy ɔ̲ ɔ̀reè
americato faurnmers exist
Th ere aue faurnlers i n A m erica.
g. བྱང་ཐང་ལ་འགྲོག་པ་འདུག།
cha̲ŋdaŋlə drogba du̲ùi̅
changtang to nomad exist
There are nomads on the Chaungtang.
To i ndicate si ngularity, the number "one" is usually addedi
h. ལྷ་སར་ལྷ་ཁང་ཞིག་འདུག།
lhɛ̅ɛ̅saalhāgan chīdu̲ù [ལྷ་སི་།spronounced lhɛ̅ɛ̅sa rather than lhāsa i n colloouial

Lhasa dialect. With the dativelocative, this becom es l hɛ̅ɛ̅saa.]
lhasato temple one exist [ ]
i̅There isa (one) temple inLhasa.
This could also have been written as
i. ལྷ་སར་ ་ལྷ་ཁང་གཅིག་འདུག།
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