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Lesson TwelVe 323
common ways that Tibetans convey flowerydescriptions. Inthefirstsegment, an
adjectiVized nominal (བརྡྲད་ཉམས་ལྡེན་པ) modifies "palace" thuroughthegenitiVepartic]e ("a
palace that was magnificent---a mai̅gnificent palace") . In the second part, རིན་ཆེན་ཕྲེང་དུ་བརྒྱུས་
པ་,
ལྟར་ ("like") is used to create a simile------"precious gems strung like (beads) oni̅a
rosaury."Ini̅thethirdpart, རྣམ་པར་བཀྲ་བའི་, theadjective བཀྲ་བ་ ("beautiful") ismodifiedby
the adverbia] རྣམ་པར་ ("completely") , which both are then inked to the noun "decorations"
(རྒྱན་མཆོར་) through the genitiVe particle.
7. The phrase རིན་ཆེན་ལས་འིགྲུབ་པ་ ("came from precious gems") modifies རྡོ་ཤལ་

(
"necklace") . It shoul d be noted that ལས་ here means "from" rather than its more usual
"than." i̅ i̅
8 Recall that སོ་ indicates the end of a sentence (see 6.10.3.14) .
9. རླུང་ད་མར་འིཚུབས་ means "to stornm" and དྲག་པོ་ functions adverbially conVeying "fiercely."
10. This is a common way tolist a series of verbal actions (ནམ་མཁའི་འིཐིབས་པ་དང་ས་གཞིར་མུན་
པ་རུབ་
པ་གློག་འཁྱུགས་པ་དང་། འབྲུག་སྒྲ་བསྒྲགས་པས་) . Fourverb phrases are linked here by the པ་དང་
clause connectiVe or just listed consecutively. ཚེ
l . གལ་ཏེ་ . . . ནས་ ("if") is nornmallywritten གལ་ཏེ་ . . . ནེ་
l . This literallymeans"silvermadeintheshapeofahorsehoof."
13. This construction breaks down into མི་ཚེ་གཅིག་རིང་ ("for the durationofonelifetime")
and འདང་བའི་གསེར་ས་ཕགབརྒྱ་ཐམ་པ་སྤྲོད་ ("giVe 100 bricks of gold which arewi]l be sufficient
for") . i̅ i̅ i̅ i̅ i̅
14. ཧ་ཅང་མཐོང་བར་དཀོན་པའི་སེར་དྲག་ཆེན་པོ་ isaninteresting construction. The core is the noun
"hailstornl" (སེར་དྲག་) , which is modified by both the adjective "big" (ཆེན་པོ་) and the
preceding phraseviathegenitiVeparticle. ThatphrasestartswiththeadVerb"very"
(ཧ་ཅང་) , which modifies "rare" (དཀོན་པ) , whichintuurnmodifiesthenominalizedVerb
"seeing" (མཐོང་བར་) .
15. In this construction the Verbal phrase "eat ba and drink tea" (ཇ་འིཐང་སྤགས་བཟས་) function
as noun and thusare verbalized by བྱེད་ It could have also have been written ཇ་འིཐུང་པ་དང་
སྤ
ཁ།ས་བཟས་པར་འགྲོ་
16. In the phrase སྟ་རེའི་མགོ་བུད་དེ་ theverb བུད་ ("tocomeoff, getunstrung") conveysthat
the head of the axe slipped off as he wasin the action of striking the lion.

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