LessonHOne 13
ཧམ་ གམ་ ལམ་ དོམ་ ཙམ་
hām ga̲m la̲m to̲m dzām
lie near road bear about
I.7.2.6 The suffixed letter བ་ i̅ i̅ i̅ i̅
T his suffixed letter adds a "b" sound equivalent to thefinal "p" i n the English
word "plop." It also changes the "a" vowel to an '"ə" vowel. The '"ə" vowel is pronounced
like th e "a" vowel i n "alone."
ཁབ་ ནུབ་ ཧོབ་ ཡིབ་
kə̅p nnu̲p hōp yi̲p
needle west sudden hide
l.7.2.7 The suffixedletter ར་ i̅
̅ Thi s l etter either lengthens the vowel or adds a fi nal "r" sou nd. It c hanges the
quality of the "o" vowel to that of '"ɔ" (the "aw" sound i n "saw") . Other vowels are
unchanged.
པར་
སེར་ ཟུར་ ནོར་ མར་
bār sēē (sēr) su̲u̲ (su̲r) nɔ̲ɔ̲ (nɔ̲r) ma̲a̲ (ma̲r)
photo gold corner wealth butter
I.7.2.8 The suu̲ffixed letter ལ་ i̅ i̅
This l etter l engthens the vowel and alters its sou nd quality as follows
abecomes ɛɛ
ubecomes ǖǖ
obecom es öö
The "e" vowel is lengthened but does not change its quality.
བལ་
ཕུལ་ རིལ་ ཚོལ་ ཟེལ་
pɛ̲ɛ̲ pǖǖ ri̲i̲ tsȫȫ se̲e̲ i̅ i̅
wool give rou nd l ook for shavi ngs, chips
I.7.2.9 The suu̲ffixedletter འ་ i̅ i̅ i̅ i̅
i̅When this letter is used i n the 4 slot, it marks the root letter of certai n otherwise
am bi guous syllables where both letters can be used i n the lslot and 4 -slot. For example,
i n the syllable དགའ་ , it i ndicates that the root letter is the "ག་ and not the "ད, " which is a
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