LessonHOne [7
he pema is
He is Pema.
d. ནོར་ ་བུ་དགེ་རྒན་ཡིན་པ་རེད། [རྒན་ (rgan) isa complex syllable that includesai̅2 slot letter ("r")
that i s di scussed i n LessonTwo. For the time bei ng treat it
asif རྒན་ were written གན་.] i̅ i̅ i̅
nɔ̲ɔ̲bu ge̲gɛn y i̲mbəreè [ཡིན་ is pronouncedyim rather than yin here because it is part
of a disyllabic compxound which is followed immediately
by the letter པ་ Thi s i s discussed i n Lesson Two. Note also
that the "a" vowel i n པ་ is pronounced bə rather than ba. i̅
Thi s is common after an "i" vowel and is also discussed i n
i̅ Lesson Two.]
norbu teacher is
Norbu is a teacher.
ཡིན་པ་རེད་
and རེད་ actually have slightly different connotations. When a writeri̅uses
ཡིན་པ་རེད་ rather than རེད་ he conveys to thereader that he is l essi̅certaini̅about the validity
or what he is wri ti ng. Se ntence d. conveys the i dea that "it is sai d"or ''it seem s he is a
teacher." The writer, therefore, throughi̅the use of ཡིན་པ་རེད་ , is expressi ng some
uncertai nty about whether "h e" (the subject) i s really a teacher. However, at thi s stage of
learni ng Ti betan, both ot these will be translated the sam e.
Secondi̅person statements are constructed the same as the third person
constructions cited above. i̅ i̅[ ]་̅
e. ཁྱེད་ ར་ ང་ ནོར་ བུ་རེད། [ཁྱེད་ i s a type of complexi̅syllable (k hyed) that wi ll be di scussed
inLesson Two. For the time being simply treat it as བེད་ and
pronounce it kē.]
kēraŋ nɔ̲ɔ̲bure̲è
you norbu is
V ou are Norbu.
i̅Word order i n li nki ng sentences, therefore, nornmally follows the ruleSubject +
Object + Verb.
i̅The subject of a linki ng sentence is usually not marked (or identified by another
particle) but it can be, as we see ini̅the followi ng examples where the particle ནི་
(
meani ng roughly "asfor") identifi es the subject.
f. ཞིང་པ་ནི་བོད་པ་རེད།
shi̲ŋbəni pö̲bare̲è
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