Iesson One 2 [
Inflection and case declensi ons will be discussed i n later lessons and need not concern
y ou here.
n. དེབ་དེ་ཁོང་གི་རེད་པས[
te̲p de̲kōŋki re̲bɛɛ̀
book that his is ?
Is that book his?
o. ཁྱེད་རང་ཁོང་གི་བུ་ཡིན་པས[
kēraŋi̅kōŋkii̅pu̲ yi̲mbɛɛ̀
you his son is ?
Are you his son ? i̅
Word order between the subject and object segments of sentences can be i nverted with
change only i n emphasis, not i n referent meani ng. Example o. therefore, could also have
been written
p. ཁོང་གི་བུ་ཁྱེད་ར་ང་ཡིན་པས[
kōŋki pu kērauŋ yi̲m bɛɛ̀
his son you is ?
Are you his son?
I. 12 Vocabulaury
ཁོhe (k ō) i̅ ནག་པོ་ black (na̲ go, na̲ gbo)
ཁོང་
he (k ōŋ) [polite ternl] ནང་པ་ Buddhist (na̲ŋba)
ཁོང་གི་
hi s (k ōnki) [polite ternn] ནི་ as for (ni̲)
)
ཁྱེད་ར་ ང་གི་ y our (kēraŋki) [polite abbreviated as p n.) ,
ternl] (nɔ̲ɔ̲bu)
དགེ་རྒན་
teacher (ge̲gɛn) s) པ་ p n (bɛ̅ɛ̅ma)
ང་
I (ŋa̲) པསི་ questi on particle (bɛ̅ɛ̀)
ངའི་
my (ŋɛ̲ɛ̲) བུ་ boy, son (pu)
ཇ་
tea (cha̲) བུ་མོ་ girl daughter (po̲mo)
དམ་
question particle (da̲m) ) Tibetan (pö̲ba)
དེ་
that (de̲) ཚོ་ང་པ་ tra der (tsoŋba)
དེ་
བ་ book (te̲b) ཞིང་པ་ farnner (shi̲ŋbə)
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