Lesson Two 25
2.2 Slot- 3 (subfixed letters) (ཡ) , (ར་) , ལ་ (ལ) i̅ i̅
i̅i̅ The 3 letters ཡ་, ར་, and ལ་ joi n beneath certai n consonants i n attenuated fornm (as
i ndicated above) .
2.2. IThei̅subfixed letter ཡ་ () i̅ i̅
i̅This can be placed beneath the followi ng consonants ཀ་ཁ་ག་པ་ཕ་བ་མ་ The resulti ng
com bi nati on is a palata i zed version of the ori gi nal consonant. Palatali zation refers to the
addition of a "y-like" sound to the basic consonant.
ཀྱ་
ཁྱ་ གྱ་ པ་ ཕྱ་ བྱ་ མྱ་
gy ā kyā i̅ i̅ i̅ gya̲ jā i̅ chā ja̲ i̅ ña̲
(gy u woul d be similar i n sou nd to the "gu" i n regulatekyu would be similar to
the "cu" i n cute) i̅
When a final consonant (slot- 4 consonant) is present, the rules for the vowel changes
discussed i n LessonHOne are operative. For example
ཀྱང་ ཁྱག་ བྱས་ ཕྱིར་ མྱོང་
gy āŋ ky āà chɛ̲ɛ̀ chīri̅ ño̲ŋ
also i̅ cold did [ outside ][ ] experience
When th e prefixed (sl ot l) letters are added, the vowels i n syllables with a hi gh tone root
letter remai n hi gh tone (e. g., དཔུད་ = jɛ̅ɛ̀-"exami ne") . Low tone letters such as བ་ and མ,
however, change to hi gh tone accordi ng to the rules presented i n 2.labove. For example,
དབྱར་
yāā (summer) or དམྱལ་ ñɛ̅ɛ̅ (hell) .
2.2.2 The subfixedletter ར་ () i̅
The subfixed letter is attached to the following letters ཀ་ཁ་ག་ད་པ་ཕ་བ་མ་ས་ཧ་
It does not change the tone of root letters to which it is joi ned but producesretroflexed
consonants in the foll owi ng manner
ཀྲ་ is pronounced "dr"------this sound is similar to the "dr" i n drill. To produce a morei̅
accuuate reproduction of the Tibetan sound, the tip of the tongue should be bent slightly
backwards so that a part of its underside articulates with the roof of the mouth.
ཀྲུང་
drūŋ
i̅crane i̅ i̅ i̅ i̅ i̅
པ་ is pronounced "dr" inreading style, but often '"b" in the spoken pronunciation. Each
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