36 - LessonTwo
T here are several teachers i n school .
j. ལྷ་སར་ཁང་པ་ཆུང་ཆུང་མང་པོ་འདུག།
lhɛ̅ɛ̅saa kāŋbə chūnjun mə̲ŋgu du̲ù
lhasa-to h ouse small many exi st
There are many small houses i n Lhasa. i̅ i̅ i̅
As exarnple i. i ndicates, when two adjectives modify a noun, the second modifies the
nou n + first m odifi er [small houses] [manyi̅]. i̅ i̅ i̅
D ཡེemonstratives can also be used with adjectives. When this occurs, the i̅
demonstrative foll ows the adjective. In the followi ng two examples, the demonstrative
also has the dativelocative particle suffixed to it.
k. གྲྭ་པ་ཆུང་ཆུང་དེར་དགེ་གན་ཁ་ཤས་ཡོད་པ་རེད།
tra̲ba chūnjuun te̲e̲ ge̲gɛnk āsɛɛ̀ y ɔ̲ɔ̀reè i̅
monk small that-to teacher several existi̅ [ ][ ]
That small m onk has several teachers. (lit., To th at small m onk , several teachers
exist.)
l. གྲྭ་པ་གསར་པ་དེར་དགེ་རྒན་རྒན་ཁོག་ཁ་ཤ[ས་ཡོད་པ་རེད།
tra̲ba sāāba [sārba] de̲e̲ ge̲gɛn gɛ̲ ngɔɔ̀ k ā sɛɛ̀ y ɔ̲ɔ̀reè
monk new thatto teacher oldseveral exist
That newmonk has several old teachers. ̅ i̅ i̅
Anouun can also be modified by two adjectives linked by the conjunction དང་ ("and") .
m. ལྷ་སར་དགོན་པ་ཆེན་པོ་དང་སྐྱིད་པོ་འདུག་
lɛ̅ɛ̅saa go̲mba chēmbo da̲ŋ[gy]ību du̲ù i̅
lhasato m onastery bi g and pleasant exi st
Lhasa has bi g and pleasant m onasteri es. i̅
Temporal words, i.e., words conveying a time component, are usually placed at
the beginni ng of a se ntence. Three comm on temporal words are
ད་ལྟ་ སྔས་མ་ དེ་རིང་
ta̲nda ŋɛ̅ɛ̅ma i̅ te̲ri ŋ
now ཚེ་ fornlerly, i n the past today
n. ད་ལྟ་བྱང་ཐང་ལ་འགྲོག་པ་མང་པོ་ཡོད་པ་རེད།
ta̲nda cha̲ŋdaŋl ə drogba m ə̲ŋgu y ɔ̲ɔ̀reè
now changtang to nomad many exist
There are many nomads now on the Changtang.
o. སྔས་མ་བོད་ལ་དགོན་པ་མང་པོ་འདུག།
ŋɛ̅ɛ̅ma pö̲l ə go̲mba mə̲ŋgu du̲ù i̅
fornmerly tibet to monastery many exist
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