Lesson Two 37
Fornmerly there were many m onasteries i nTibet.
p. དེ་རིང་སློབ་གྲྭར་སློབ་གྲྭ་བ་གསྲུམ་འདུག།
te̲ri ŋ lābdraa lābdraà sūm du̲ù i̅
today schoolto student three exi st [ ]
Today there aue three students i n school.
2.7 Li nki ng and existential verbs used i n adjectival constructions
The distinction between existential and linking verbs often is blurred in adjectival
constructions i n the sense that existential verbs are used i n contextsthat otherwise appear
to call for li nki ng verbs. For example, i n sentence a. འདུག་ i s nornlally used rather thaun
རེད་, although the latter caun be used to convey general or compa ative statements.
a. ཁོ་ཆེན་པོ་འདུག།
kōchēmbo duù
he big exist
i̅Heis big. i̅ i̅ i̅ i̅
Similarly, the adjective "hot" nornlally takes the existential verb.
b. ཆུ་འདི་ཚ་པོ་འདུག།
chū di̲tsābo duù i̅
water this h ot exi st
The water is hot. [ ]་̅ i̅ ̅ i̅ i̅
There is no simple rule to predict this, usage generally depending on the specific ̅ i̅
adjective. For example, color adjectives such as found in sentence c. awaystake linki ng
verbs.
c. འདི་ནི་དམར་མོ་རེད།
di̲ni m āām o [m ārnmo] re̲è
thi s asfor red is
Thi s i s red.
2.8 NegationHof linki ngi̅and existential verbs i̅ i̅ i̅
Negati oni̅of li nki ng and exi stential sentences is expressed through the addition of
the negative particles མི་ and མ་, ཚེand byi̅negative verbs such as མེ་ད་ and མིན་ In sentence
a., for example, རེད་ becomes མ་རེད་ and in b., འདུག་ becomes མི་འདུག་
a. དགོན་པར་ ་གྲྭ་པ་ཡོད་པ་མ་རེད།
go̲mbaa tra̲ba y ɔ̲ɔ̀maareè [yö̲bamaareè]
monasteryto m onk exist no
There are nomonksin the monastery.
རྞ --------------------------------------------------------------- --- --------------- --------- --------------------- ------------------------------------------------------------------------------·


tibetan OCR www.dharmabook.ru
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*