Lesson Five 87.

pö̲ö̀ la k a̲nshe̲draà pə̲bgiyɔɔ̀reè
ti bet to snow lots fall pres. compl. i̅ i̅
Lots of snow falls i n Tibet (It snows a lot i n Tibet) . i̅
i̅Like the l ocation of verbal actions, i ndirect objects are also marked by the dative
locative particle i n active constructions.
e. ཞིང་པས་བླ་མ་ཚོར་དངུལ་སྤྲད་པ་རེད།
shi̲ŋbɛɛ̀ lām atsɔr ŋǖǖ drɛ̅ɛ̀b əreè
faurnlerby lama plto money gave past compl.
The faurnlers gave money to the lamas.
f. དམག་མི་འདིས་ལས་བྱེད་པར་ ་དེརྭབ་གཅིག་སྐྱེལ་གྱི་རེད།
mə̅ə̅mi di̲ì lɛ̲ɛ̲jebaa te̲p chīgyēēgireè i̅
soldi er thisbyi̅officiauto book one deliver fut. compl.
This soldier will deliver a book to the official.
5.3 བྱུང་ constructions
བྱུང་ is a comm only used i nvol u ntary verb th at means " got" (past tense) . It requires
the recipi enti̅of the action (the person or thi ng that " got" somethi ng) to take the dative
locative particle. ཚེ་ a.
a. མོར་དངུལ་བྱུང་བ་རེད།
mɔ̲ɔ̲ŋǖǖ chu̲mbəreè
sheto m oney got past compl
She got money.
b. ཞིང་པ་རྣམས་སུ་སོན་གསར་ ་པ་བྱུང་སོང་།
shi̲ŋbə nāmsu sȫn sāā ba ch u̲nsu (chunsoŋ)
farnmer pl. to seed new got past compl.
The faurnlers got new seed. i̅ i̅ ̅ i̅
The subject i n the next example is implicit.
c. འདི་ལོ་ཐོན་སྐྱེད་ཡག་པོ་བྱུང་སོང་།
di̲lo tȫngyeè ya̲go ch u̲nsu (chu̲nsoŋ)
this y ear production good got pastcompl i̅
Thi s y ear (they) got good producti on (got a good yi el d) .
The long versi on of thi s woul d be
d. འདི་ལོ་ཁོ་ཚོར་ཐོན་སྐྱེད་ཡག་པོ་བྱུང་སོང་།
di̲lo k ōndzɔɔtȫngyeè ya̲go chuu̲nsu (chu̲nsoŋུ)
this year he plto production good got past compl.
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