Lesson Five 9 l
མེ་མདའ་རྒྱག་ to shoot (a gun) དམག་རྒྱག་ to war, to fight
gun war i̅
ཁ་པར་གཏོང་ tophone ཚོན་གཏོང་ to pai nt
phone i̅ i̅ pai nt i̅ i̅ i̅
The direct object slot can also be filled by derived nouns (nomi nals) consisti ng of
N+ Vb. or Vb. + Vb. compou nds. Thi s i s one of the most common ways that new lexical
items are created. For example, བཅིངས་འགྲོལ་གཏོང་ ("to liberate") , consists of the two verbs
བཅིངས་ ("to bi nd") and འགྲོལ་ ("to rel ease, untie") , which together express the sum of their
i ndependent meani ngs "releasi ng a bond, '" or the m odern political concept of i̅
"liberation." This compound can be used as anoun, e.g., བཅིངས་འགྲོལ་དམག་མི་ ("liberation
aurnny soldier") or with a verbali zer as a verb, བཅིངས་འི་ གྲོལ་གཏོང་ ("to libera te") . Word
fornlation is discussed i n detail i n section l l.7., and for the time bei ng you should treat
these compou nds as verbal u nits.
Other common examples arei̅ i̅
བཙན་འཛུལ་ བྱེད། i̅ i̅ to i nvade, to commit aggression
ཚེ[བཙན་འཛུལ་ = i nvasi on, aggression]
བཅིངས་འགྲོལ་
གཏོང་། toliberate
[བཅིངས་འགྲོལ་ = li berati on]
]
ཚེ[ངོ་ལོག་ = revolt, rebellion] i̅ i̅
རྩ་མེད་གཏོང་། i̅ i̅ i̅ toannihilate
[རྩ་མེད་ = annihilation]
]
[སློབ་སྦོང་ = studyi ng]
དམག་འ་
ཁྲུཁ།་བྱེད་ to war, tomake war
ཚེ[ དམག་འཁྲུག་ = war, warfare] i̅ i̅
ང་སྤྲད་བྱེད། i̅ i̅ to aquai nt, to i ntroduce
[ངོ་སྤྲོད་ = introduction] i̅
ངོ་རྒོལ་བྱེད། i̅ i̅ to oppose, to struggle agai nst
[ ངོ་རྒོལ་ = opposition, struggle]
]
ཚེ[ ཐོན་སྐྱེད་ = production] i̅
སྦོང་བརྡར་བྱེད། i̅ i̅ to train
[སྦོང་བརྡར་ = traini ng]
]
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