[04 - Lesson Five
you of for i-by dog this buy fut. compl.
Iwill buy this dog for you. i̅ i̅ i̅ i̅ ̅ [ ]
The i nfinitive particle also sometimes convey s thi s meani ng. It is di scussed bel ow
i n section 5.15.
5. I4 T he genitive case i̅ i̅ i̅
We have already encountered the genitive particles thurough some of the clause
connectives aund verb comp lem ents, e. g., the འི་ i n པའི་སྐབསི་ and the ག་ i n ག་རེད་ Like the
i nstrumental (3.l) and dativeIocative (2.6.l) cases, the genitive case has a number of
particles whose use is governed by the fi nal letter of the preceding word.
གི་
afterfinal ག་ and ང་
ཀྱི་
afterfinal ད་, བ་, and ས་
གྱི་
after fi nal ན་ , མ་, ར་ ་, and ལ་
-འི་ or ཡི་ after vowel finals i̅ i̅ i̅ The
The genitive corresponds i n a number of ways to the English preposition "of" and
i s used, as i n Eng i sh, to express ownership and possession, for example, "the boo k of he
= his book." a.
a. ཁོའི་དེབ་འི) ར་འདུག།

kȫȫ te̲p de̲e̲ du̲ùi̅
he-of booKthisto exist
His book is here.
b. དེབ་འདི་ཁོའི་རེད།
te̲p di̲kȫȫre̲è i̅
book thi s he- of i s
Thi s book i s hi s. i̅ i̅ ̅ i̅ i̅ i̅ i̅ i̅
The genitive is also used for descriptive modification. In this rolei̅it joins a noun
or noun phrase with another noun or noun phurasei̅so that the fornmer modifies the latter. In
many i nstances the modifier is translated i n English simply as an adjective. For example.
c. བོད་པའི་ཁ་ལག་
pö̲ö̀ bɛ k ālaà
tibetaun-of food i̅ i̅
Tibetan food (What ki nd or fiood?------Tibetan food.)
d. རྒྱ་གར་གྱི་ས་མཚོམས་
gya̲ gark i sāndzam
i ndia of border
ཟེ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------སི------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


tibetan OCR www.dharmabook.ru
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*