Lesson Six 135
He suddenly retuurned home.
6.6 Nomi nalization with པ་བ་
6.6. IPositive constructi ons
Nomi nali zation i s another di fficult feature of Ti beta n. It refers to the
tra nsfornmation of verbs and verbal phrases i nto nou ns or nou n phrases which are then treated
treated as nouns i n larger constructi ons. i̅ i̅ i̅ i̅ i̅ i̅
One of the most common of the nomi nalizi ng particles is པ་ (བ་) . This has already
been encountered as an untranslated component of a number of final verb complements
(པ་རེད་) as well as in clause connectives (པ་དང་, པ་མ་ཟད་) . However, i̅do not worry about
tryi ng to break these i nto their constituent parts at this time. Conti nue to view them as
units. ཚེ
a. ཁོས་གནོད་སྐྱོན་བྱས་པ་རེད།
heby harnl did past compl. [ ]
i̅He haurnmed (it) . (or, He caused harnl.) i̅ i̅
This i s a ཚེsimple active sentence i n the past tense. If we now nomi nali ze it, we get
b. ཁོས་གནོད་སྐྱོན་བྱས་པ་
i̅heby ha m did nom. i̅ i̅ i̅ i̅
This can be translated roughly as "his doing haurnl in the past, " or "the ha m done by him."
In any event, this nomi nalized clause can now enter i nto larger constructions as a noun or
nou n phrase. In ex ample c., it i s the object of the verb "to correct."
c. ཁོས་གནོད་སྐྱོན་བྱས་པ་འདི་ཁོ་ཚོས་བཟོ་བཅོས་བྱེད་ཀྱི་ཡོད་པ་རེད།
heby harnl di d nom. this he pl.by repair do pres. compl. i̅
They aue correcting the harnl done by him. (As for this ha m done by him, they are
i̅ comecti ngrepairi ng i t.) i̅ ཚེ་ i̅ i̅
Thi s could also be written with the subject ཁོ་ཚོས་ at the begi nning of the sentence.
d. ཁོ་ཚོས་ཁོས་གནོད་སྐྱོན་བྱས་པ་འདི་བཟོ་བཅོས་བྱེད་ཀྱི་ཡོད་པ་རེད།
he pl.by he-by harn[did nom. this heplbyrepair do pres. compl. i̅
They are correcting the haurnm done by him. (They, as for the ha m done by him, are
correcti ng repairi ng it.) i̅ ̅
i̅A ny sem a nticallyi̅appropri ate noun (whether nomi nalized or not) Can be
substituted for a nomi nali zed clause. For ཚེexample, i n sentence e., the nouun phrase ཟ་ཁང་
འེདི་ ("this restaurant") is substituted for གནོད་སྐྱན་བྱས་པ་འ་ དི་ ("this ham done by him") .
e. ཟ་ཁང་འདི་ཁོ་ཚོས་བཟོ་བཅོས་བྱེད་ཀྱི་ཡོད་པ་རེད།
restaura nt thi s he pl.by repair do pres. compl.



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