[36 Lesson Six
They are repairi ng thi s restaura nt. (as for thi s restaurant, th ey are repairi ng it.)
i̅When the verb i n a nomi nalized phrase is in the present (nonpast) tense stem, the
meani ng ཚེof the nomi nalized phrase is also present (nonpast) .
f. ཁོས་གནོད་སྐྱོན་བྱེད་པ་འདི་ཁོ་ཚོས་བཟོ་བཅོས་བྱེད་ཀྱི་ཡོད་པ་རེད།
heby haurnm do nom. this he plby repair do pres. compl. i̅ i̅
They are correcting the haurnm he is doing. (As for the harnm he is doing, they are
correcti ng it.) ཚེ་ g.
g. རྒྱ་ནག་ལ་བཏང་ཡིག་གཏོང་བ་ཁག་པོ་རེད།
chi na to letter send nom.i̅di fficult i s i̅ i̅̅ i̅
Sendi ng letters (the sendi ng of letters) toHChi na is di fficult. [ ]
i̅However, i n sorne contexts, e. g., the presence of a temporal word, the tense of the
verb is overriden. Thus the presence of the tempoal word "fornlerly\'\' (སྔོན་མ་) i n
examples h. and i. dictates a past tense m eani ng for both, despite the different tense of the
verb ཚེstem (བཏང་བ་ and གཏོང་བ་) . i̅
h. སྔོན་མ་རྒྱ་ནག་ལ་བཏང་ཡིག་བཏང་བ་ཁག་པོ་རེད།
fornmerly chi na to l etter send nom . di fficult is
i̅Fornlerly, sendi ng letters toHChina was di fficult.
i. སྔོན་མ་རྒྱ་ནག་ལ་བཏང་ཡིག་གཏོང་བ་ཁག་པོ་རེད།
fornmerly chi na to letter send nom. difficult is
Fornmerly , sendi ng l etters toHChi na was di fficult. i̅ i̅ i̅ i̅
i̅Sometimes the addition of a detern i native will produce something similar to a
relative construction i n English (e.g., a clause i ntroduced by "which\'\') .
j. བཏང་ཡིག་བཏང་བ་འདི་ནི་འབྱོར་བྱུང་།
letter sent nom. this asfor arrived got i̅ i̅
As for this letter which was sent, (it) arrived. (or (I) received the letter which was
i̅sent.) i̅ i̅
i̅Nomi nali zed phuases not only take detern i natives but also take many of the
pl uralizers e ncou ntered earli er. For example, ཚ་ ང་མ་ " ("all") i n sentence k ., ཚོ་ i n l. and
རྣམས་ in m.
k. ལས་ཀ་བྱས་པ་ཚང་མ་ཡག་པོ་འདུག།
work did nom. all good exist.
All the work that was done was good. i̅ i̅
The genitive is commonly used before a nomi nalized phrase or noun phrase so
th at the fornner (the nominalized phrase) modifi es the latter. These c onstructions will t
often be translated asrelative constructions i n English.
l. པེ་ཅིང་ལ་འགྲོ་བའི་ལས་བྱེད་པ་ཚོ་ . . . .
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- --------------------------------------------------------- ------ --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ------·


tibetan OCR www.dharmabook.ru
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*