Lesson Six 143 ཏུ
He is goi ng to eat here toni ght. i̅ i̅ i̅ ཏུ
རྒྱུ་
can also convey the substantially different meaning of "has not been done yet" ཏུ
or "h as y et to be done, " regardi ng the verbal action. Generallyit fu nctions this way ཏུ
followi ng a questi on that ask s whether the verbal acti on h as been done. For examp l e, ཏུ
f. ((ཁོས་ཁ་ལག་ཟ་ ས་པས?) ཁོས་ཁ་ལག་ ཟ་རྒྱུ་རེད། ཏུ
heby food eat gy ufut. ཏུ
(
Did he eat?ི) He has yet to eat. ཏུ
g. ཁོས་དོ་ད་ གོང་གི་ཁ་ལག་ཟ་རྒྱུ་རྒྱུ་རེད། ཏུ
heby tonight of food eat gyufut ཏུ
He has y et to eat dinner. ཏུ
h. ཁོས་ རྡོ་རྗེ་ལགས་ལ་ཡི་གེ་ཞིག་གཏོང་རྒྱུ་རེད། ཏུ
heby dorje to letter send gyu is i̅ ཏུ
He h as y et to write Dorj e (send Dorje aletter) . i̅ ཏུ
In the above types of sentence, ཡས་ cannot be substituted for རྒྱུ་ to convey the "h as ཏུ
yet to do" meaning. It always conveys the simple future tense. ཏུ
i . ཁོས་ རྡོ་རྗེ་ལགས་ལ་ཡི་གེ་ཞི་ ག་གཏོང་ཡས་རེད། ཏུ
hebyi̅dorje to letter sendyafut. ཏུ
He will write Dorje (sendDorje a letter) . ཏུ
6.7..2 Past constructi ons ཏུ
རྒྱུ་
and ཡས་ aue also used together with the verb བྱུང་ ("got") to express the i dea that ཏུ
"som eone got or di d not get a ch ance or opportuni ty or possibi li ty " to do the verbal ཏུ
action. For example, ཏུ
a. ཁོ་གྲོ་མ་ལ་འགྲོ་རྒྱུ་བྱུང་སོང་།
he m arket to go gyu got went compl.
[e got a cha nce to go to the mark et.
b. ཁོས་ཁང་པ་རྒྱག་ཡས་བྱུང་བ་རེད།
heby house bui l d ya got past compl
He got an opportunity tobuild a house.
c. མོས་ཁང་པ་རྒྱག་ཡས་མ་བྱུང་ བ་རེད།
sheby house buil d y a neg. got pastcompl.
She di d not get a chance to build a house.
d. ང་སློབ་གྲྭར་འགྲོ་རྒྱུ་མ་བྱུང་བ་རེད།
i school-to go gyu no got [ ]
Idid not get a chance to go to school.
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