[48 Lesson Six
In still other contexts this Clausei̅connective conveys not the pejorative meaning
of "pretend to, " or "doubt, " but rather Tibetan politeness. If som eonei̅offers a
compliment, Ti betan custom holds that one should deny it, even if it is obvi ously true.
Thus, if someone says you k now Tibetan well, even if you are completely fluent, you are
expected to disagree aund say you k now only a little. The particle ཁུལ་ is sometimes used
for this function when, for example, someone says, "Dorje is now a great scholar and you
were his teacher, " and the person does not want to say "yes, Iwas." Tibetans sometimes
use ཁུལ་ i n this context to convey politely something less than a straight affiHrnlative, for
example, " I am sort of hi s teacher" or " I suppxose Iam his teacher." Basi cally, it means I
am his teacher, but it i s a ཚེmodest and pxolite mode of expressi ng this.
j. ང་ཁོའི་དགེ་རྒན་ཡིན་པའི་ཁུལ་རེད།
i he-of teacher is nom.of pretend is
i̅Iam supposed to be his teacher. i̅ i̅ i̅ i̅
Thi s " dista nci ng" can also be used when the "student"is a bad person, i n which c ase it
dissoci ates him from the student. [t can also be used to modestly avoi d taking credit for
som ethi ng. ཚེ
k. (ཁྭད་ར་ང་གིས་ཕྱག་ལས་གནང་ཚར་སོང་ངང་མ་) ངའི་ལས་ཀ་བྱས་ཚར་བའི་ཁུལ་ཡིན་
(
y ou by work (h.) fl nish do past compl. ?ི) i-of work fi nish nom . gen. pretend is
(Is your work fi nished?) Myi̅work i̅is supposed tobe fi nished [Actual ly he doesn't wa
wa nt to tak e credit for it, but it i s fi ni shed].
6.9 The auxiliaryverb ཐུབ་ ("to be able")
i̅i̅ Thi s verb h as only only one stem and occurs imm edi ately after the verb it
modifies. It conveys the idea of "to be able" to do the action of the verb it m odifies. ཐུ་ བ་
tak es the vari ous verb complem ents (both posi tive and negative) the sam e as a ny other
verb. ཚེ་ ཚེ
a. རྒྱ་གར་ལ་བཞུགས་པའི་གྲྭ་པ་ཚོ་བོད་ལ་གཟིགས་སྐོར་ལ་ཕེབས་ཐབ་པ་རེད།
india to live (h.) nom.-of monk pl. ti bet to tour to go (h.) abl e past compl.
The monk s who live i n India were able to go to Tibet on a ("sightseeing") tour.
b. རྒྱ་གར་ལ་བཞུགས་པའི་གྲྭ་པ་ཚོ་བོད་ལ་གནས་སྐོར་ལ་ཕེབས་ཐུབ་ཀྱི་རེད།
india to live (h.) nom.of monk pl. tibetto pilgrimage to go (h.) able fut. compl.
The monks who live in India wi l l be able to go to Tibet on a pil grimage.
c. སློབ་ཕྲུག་དེ་ལ་དངུལ་མང་པོ་མེད་སྟབས་འཇིན་ཆས་ཉོ་ཐུབ་མ་སོང་།
student that to money much no exist because fuurn iture buy able not went compl.
Because thati̅student hasn't got much money, (he) was unable to buy furn iture.
d. ད་ལོ་ཞིང་ཁ་མང་པོ་བཏབ་ཐབ་ཙང་ཞིང་པ་ཚོས་ཅ་ལག་ཞེ་དྲགས་ཉོ་ཐབ་པ་བྱུང་བ་རེད།
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