Lesson Six 15 l

came Carryi ng sickles aund pickaxes toprotect the sheep. When they a in ved i n the
presence of the child, (they) saw the sheep grazi ng on grass aund when all asked the boy,
" Where is the wol f?" he laughed, "ha ha." A s for that, they k new then the boy was
playinga trick on them and got angry and criticized the boy. Then they returned to work.
Afew days after that when the peopl e were work ing, once agai n (they) heard th at sm all
shepherd yell out, "A wolr has arrived. A wolt has arrived." A sbefore, (when) they
heard (this) , all lefttheir work carryi ng sickles and pickaxes and came toprotect the
sheep. However, when the people a rivedi n thepresence of the shepherd, becausethere
was no wolf, the people again k new that the chi l d had trick ed them. (They) scolded the
child and (then) retuurned home. After that, after a few days had passed, once agai nthe
child cried out loudly, "A wolf has arrived. A wolf has arrived. Come quickly to kill the
wol f." Neveth el ess, no h elpers came. However, th at day a wolf really a ri ved. The wol f
opening hi s mouthwi de, bit (the) sheep and came to bite that chi ld. The child fled
shouting, A wolf has arrived. A wolf has aumved. Come quick ly to kill the wolf."i̅
Nevertheless, not even one person came to save him. Fortunately, because that child fell
down the si de of the mountain, he escaped (death) . However, the wol f ate his entire herd
of sheep.
6. I0.4 Gramm atic al notes i̅
l. The first segme t consi sts of the title སྤྱང་ཀི་སླེབས་བྱུང་ i̅
The titl e is a quotation from the story. It is a si mpl e i nvolu ntary verb constructi on
so the subject, wolf (སྤྱང་̅ཀི་) , is not pl aced i n the instrum ental case. The verb སླེབས་ is a one
stem verb whose tense i s detern i ned byi̅the verbal complem ent བྱུང་
i̅) ne mi ght expect that the སོང་ third person past Compl ement woul d h ave been
used with སླེ་ བས་ i nstead of the བྱུང་ first person past complement. However, བྱུང་̅is used
here to convey that the wolf aurived at the location where the speak er is. This is ai̅
common rule. For example, while སོང་ is used in ཁོ་བོ་ད་ལ་སླེབས་ སོང་ (" He a ived in Ti bet") ,
བྱུང་
i s used i n ཁོ་འེདིར་ ་སླེབས་བྱུང་ (" He a rived here") . Simi l arly , the sentence ཁོ་ཁ་ སང་སླེབས་ བུང་
(
" He arrived yesterday") conveys that "he" came to the place where the speaker is.
2. The second segment consists of two Clauses l. གཙང་རྒྱལ་རྩེ་རྫོང་ཁོངས་ སུ་ཕྲུ་གུ་ཞིག་གིས་ཉིན་ ་ལྟ་ར་ལུག་
ཁྱུ་གཅིག་དེད་ནས་ 2. རི་སྟེང་དུ་འཚོ་བར་འགྲོ་ཡི་ཡོད་
The first cl ause states where the action occurred ---i n an unnamed place that
bel ongs toi̅or is a part of (ཁོངས་ སུ་) Tsa ng (province) "s Gy antse distri ct (རྫོང་) . [ t i s fol l owed
by the subject marked by the instrumental Case particle ((ཕྲུ་གུ་ཞིག་ག་གིས་ i̅"by a chi l d") .
Because of the i nstrum ental patic le, we k now that an active verb wi l l ap [ eari̅som ewhere
down thei̅li ne. But first a timeslot phrase is usedi ཉིན་ལྟར་ ("every day") . Thi s is foll owed
by the object ((ལུག་ཁྱུ་གཅིག་ - "a flock of sheep") and then the active verb (དེད་ "herded") .
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