[50 Lesson Si x
herder." The clause ends withi̅the ཏེ་ clause connective which here conveys "after." ཚེ
Cl ause three begi ns with a subject in the instrumental case ("by everyone" ཚང་
མས་)
foll owed by the ternn "like before" (སྔར་ ་བཞིན་) . Then comes the active verb phrase and
clause connective "havi ng left (their) work" (ལས་ཀ་བཞག་ནས་) . i̅ i̅ i̅
Clause four uses "by everyone"as its implicit subject, and begins with the object
phrase "sick lesi̅and pick axes" (ཟོར་ ་ར་ ་དང་། i̅ རྐོ་མ་) . Then the active verb "takecartry" (འེཁྱེ་ར་
ནས་)
appears with the ནས་ cl ause connective, conveyi ng, "having taken (their) sick les and
pick axes." i̅ i̅ i̅ i̅ i̅ i̅ i̅ ̅ i̅
Clause five is the i nfi ni tivized verb phrase encountered earlier, mea ni ng "cam e to
protect the sheep" ((ལུག་སྐྱོབ་པ་ར་ཡོང་) .
8. The ei ghth segment consists of five clauses l. ཡིན་ན་ཡང་མི་ རྣམས་ལུག་རྫི་དེའི་རྩ་ལེ་སླེབས་དུས་ 2.
.
ནང་ལ་ལོག་
ཕྱིན་པ་རེད།
The first clausei̅is a simple i nvoluntary construction "The people arrived" (མི་ རྣམས་
སླེ་
བས) . Between the subject and the verb is a phrase telli ng where they a rivedi "in the
presence of that herder" (ལུག་རྫ་དེའི་རྩ་ལ་) . The "when" connective (དུས་) li nk s thi s to the next
clause. i̅ i̅ i̅ i̅ i̅ i̅
Clause two is a simple negative existenti al sentence with the "because"clause
connective"because there was no wolf" ((སྤྱང་ཀི་མེད་ཙང་) . i̅ i̅
Clause three begins withi̅"once again" (སླིར་ཡང་) , fol lowed by a nomi nalized phrase
th at acts as the object"the tricki ng [i n past tense] by that child" ((ཕྲུ་གུ་དེས་མགོ་ སྐོར་ ་བཏང་བ་) .
This is followed by the subject i n the i nstrumental (མི་ རྣ་ མས་ཀྱིས་) and the verb "k new"
(ཤེ་ ས་) . Thus clauses two and three convey, "Because there was no wol f, the people once
agai n k new that the child had tricked (them) ." i̅
i̅Clause four begi ns wi th the obj ect (ཕྲུ་ གུ་ དེར་ ̅ "to th at child") followed byi̅the active
active verb "scolded"(གཤེ་ གཤེ་ བཏང་) . The subject i s implicit ("by the people"་) . This cl ause
is connected to the next clause of the segment by the conjunctive cl ause connective "and"
(བ་དང་) . i̅ i̅ i̅
Clause ཚེfive i s the same verbal phrase we encountered earlier "retuuned home"
(ནང་ལ་ལོག་ཕྱིན་པ་ར་ ད) . Thus clauses four and five convey, "The peopl e scolded the child and
retuurn ed h om e." i̅
9. The ninth segment consists of two clauses l . དེ་ན་ ས་སླར་ཡང་ཉིན་ཁ་ཤས་སོང་རྗེས་ 2. ཕྲུ་གུ་དེས་སྤྱང་ ཀི་སླེབས་བྱུང་
ཀི་སླེབས་བྱུང་། སྤྱང་ཀི་སླེབས་བྱུང་། མགྱོགས་པོ་སྤྱང་ཀི་གསོད་པར་ཤོག་ཅེས་སྐད་ཆེན་པོ་བརྒྱབ།
The first clause functi ons prim ari ly to set the tim e, conveyi ng "after th at" (དེ་ནས་) ,

"once again" (སླར་ ་ཡང་) , and "after several days passed" (ཉིན་ ་ཁ་ཤུ་ ས་སོང་རྗེས་) .
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