u̲F ཟེཟ་ ༔སུ༔སྒྱུU རྞྞཱརྞྞཱ་ ཟེསྒྱུ་ ཟེ་ སྙ7 F ཟེ་ ---
7.lThe " notonly" clause connectives མ་ ་ཟད་ , མ་ ་ཚད་ and མི་ ཚད་ i̅ i̅
i̅ These two clause connectives express the idea that "not only" did the action of the
first clause occur, but also something else happened (as explai ned i n the next clause) .
They are used withi̅both past and nonpast verb stems that have been nominalized by པ་བ་
and རྒྱུ་. These nomi nalized verb stems sometimes occur with the dative-locative particles,
e.g., པར་ བར་ ་, orwith the instrumental particles, e.g., པས་བས་
a. ཁོ་ཚོ་རྒྱ་ནག་ལ་ཕྱིན་པ་མ་ཟད། རི་མིན་ལ་ཕྱིན་སོང་།
they china to went notonly japan to went compl.

Not only did they go toHChi na, (they) went to Iapan.
b. ཁོ་ཚོ་རྒྱ་གར་ལ་ཕྱིན་པ་མ་ཟད། རི་པིན་ལ་འགྲོ་གི་རེད།
they i ndia to went notonly japaun to go fut. compl.
Not only did they go to India, (they) will go to Iapan.
c. ཁོ་ཚོ་རྒྱ་ནག་ལ་འགྲོ་རྒྱུ་མི་ཚད། རི་པི་ན་ ་ལ་འགྲོ་རྒྱུ་རེད།
they chi na to go gyu notonly japan to go gyu fut. compl.
Not only will they go toHChi na, (they) will go to japan. i̅ i̅
Very often one of the "alsoeven" words such as ཡང་ and ཀྱང་ will be used i n the second
clause. ཚེ་ ཚེ་ d.
d. གྲྭ་པ་དང་བླ་མ་ནམས་རྒྱ་གར་ལ་ཕེབས་པ་མ་ ཟད། འབྲུག་ཡུལ་ལ་ཡང་ཕེབས་པ་རེད།
monk and lama pl. i ndia to go not-only bhutan to also go past compl.
The monks and lamas not only went to India, (they) also went to Bhutan.
These clause connectives are also used i n negative constructions.
e. ཞིང་པ་དང་འགྲོག་པར་རོགས་རམ་མ་བྱས་པ་མ་ཟད། བཟོ་པ་ལའང་བྱས་མ་སོང་།
farnler and nomadto help neg. did not-only workers to-even did neg. went compl.

Not only did (he, she, etc.) not help the farnmers and nomads, (he, she, etc.) di dn"t
even help the work ers.
f. ཁོ་ཚོས་དགོན་པ་དང་ལྷ་ཁང་གསར་པ་རྒྱག་གི་མེད་པ་མ་ཚད། དགོན་པ་རྙིང་པ་ལ་ཡང་ཉམས་གསོ་བྱེད་ཀྱི་ཡོད་པ་མ་རེད།
he pl by m onasteryand temple new build neg. pres. compl. not- only m onastery ol d
to even repair do neg. pres. compl.
Not only are they not buildi ng new monasteries and temples, (they) are not even
repairi ng the old monasteries. i̅ i̅
i̅The "not-only" connectives are also used with the subjects of sentences to convey
the idea of "notonly the subject, but. . . ." Subjects i n such constructions aue required to
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