Lesson Seven [ 65
c. སློབ་གྲྭ་ཚོས་བོད་ལ་མ་ཕྱིན་གོང་ལ་བོད་སྐད་སློབ་སྦོང་བྱས་པ་རེད།
student plby tibet to before went tibetan language study didpast compl.
The students studied (spok en) Ti betan before (they) went to Ti bet.
7.5 The verb དགོས་ ("to have to, to want") i̅
i̅This verb has only one stem but occurs both separately aund together with other
active verbs. When used as the mai n verb, it conveys the meani ng of "want" or " need." i̅
When it accompa ni es an active verb, it imm ediately follows this verb (which i s placed i n
the nonpast) and conveys the meani ng or "have to do" or "must do" the verbal action.
7.5. I དགོས་ used alone as a main verb i̅ i̅ i̅
In these constructions དགོས་ conveys the meani ng of "wanti ng"i̅or " needi ng"
somethi ng. The subjectof this verb nornlally requires the dative ocative case particle.
a. ཁྱེད་རང་ལ་ག་རེ་དགོས་སས་མ།
you to what want?
What do you want?
b. ང་ལ་ཇ་མངར་མོ་དགོས[
i to tea sweet want
Iwant sweet tea. ཚེ
c. ཁོ་ལ་ཇ་མངར་མོ་དགོས་པ་རེད།
he to tea sweet want
He wants sweet tea.
d. མོར་ཇ་མངར་མོ་དངོས་གནས་དགོས་ཀྱི་འདུག་གས[
sheto tea sweet real ly want pres. compl. ?
Does she really want sweet tea?
e. མོར་ཇ་མངར་མོ་དངོས་གནས་མི་དགོས་། ཇ་བསྲུས་མ་དགོས[ [
sheto tea sweet really neg. want tea tibetan want
She really does not want sweet tea. (She) wants Ti betaun sty l e tea. i̅ i̅
The followi ng two sentences convey the " need" meani ng of ད་ གོས་ Context i ndicates
which ཚེmeani ng i s i nte nded.
f. ཁོ་ཚོ་ཟླ་ཉིན་རྟ་གསར་པ་ཞིག་དགོས་པ་བྱུང་བ་རེད།
he pl. last-year horse new one have got past compl.
Last year they needed a new horse.
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tNote that མ་ " i n the second clause does not convey the negative but rather is a part of the
word བསྲུས་ྲུས་མ་ ("Tibetan style tea") .
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