Lesson Sev en [ 83
i̅The second part of this clause m eans " got joy happi ness" ((དགའ་སྣིང་ . . . བྱུང་) . It
consists of "joyhappi ness" and the m odifyi ng adverbial ཚ་ད་མིད་ ("bou ndless'" or
"limitl ess") . Thus, " (He) got extrem elyi̅ happy like a cat seei ng a m ouse."
i̅i̅ Clause three explai ns what the im plicit subject (the rich man) "thought" (བསམས་) .
It uti li zes the དགོས་ pattern explai ned in 7..5.6 , which here conveys " (I) have to do
something so that (I) will get a bi g profit." i̅ i̅
Clause four i s aun active sentence whose core structure is ཁོས་ཨ་ཁུར་ . . དྲིས་ (by him
to A gu . . . ask ed) . The verb "asked" is modified by the adverb ཞིབ་པར་ , which means "i n
detail." i̅ ཚེ་ ཚེ་ ཚེ
What he askedis ཟོག་གོང་དང་། བྲིན་ཚོང་གི་སྐོར་ ་སོགས་ ཟོག་གོང་ and བྲིན་ཚོང་ are
uunp oblematic, conveyi ng "prices" and "sales." སྐོར་ is a commHon ternm used for "about"
or "concern i ng" som ethi ng. It is nornmal ly accompanied by the genitive particle. Thus, "he
asked about prices. . . ." The remainder of the clause consists of two location phrases
li nk ed by the genitiveLh asa"s m ark et"s ((ལྷ་སའི་གྲོམ་རའི་ lit., "of the market of Lhasa") .
Thus, "he asked about prices and sales i n Lhasa"s market." One last element remai ns to be
discussedi སགས་ It was di scussed i n 5.4 where it was explai ned that wi th lists of
enumerati ons it conveys the meani ng of "et cetera" or "such as." Thus, "he ask ed about
such things as the price. . . . " ཚེ་ i̅
The next two clauses describe how he felt (ཁོ་དགའ་ཐཁ་ "ཆོད་ནས་"he, havi ng felt very
happy") and what he said (བྱས་ན་ས་ང་ཉིན་ང་ཡང་ . . འགྲོ་ཡི་ཡིན་ "well then, tomorrow Ialso. . .
will go") . There is also the infinitive phrase ལྷ་སར་རྩམ་པ་བཙོང་བ་ར་ ("to sell tsamba i n
Lh asa") . ཚེ
5. The fifth segment consists of four clauses l. ཕྱི་ཉིན་ཕྱུག་པོ་དེ་ས་ཞོགས་པ་སྔ་པོ་ནས་ལངས་ཏེ་ 2. ཁལ་
གཡག་
ལ་རྩམ་པ་ཁལ་རྒྱབ་གཅིག་བཀལ་ནས་ 3. ལྷ་སར་ཐོན་རྒྱུའི་གྲ་སྒྲིག་བྱས་ཚར་ནས་ 4. ཨ་བུ་བསྒཁུ།ས་ནས་བསྡད་
The first clause is strai ghtforwardi a temporal (ཕྱི་ཉིན་) + subject (ཕྱུག་པོ་དེ་ས་) + adverb
((སྔ་པོ་ནས་) + verb (ལངས་) + clause connector (ཏེ་) . The second clause i s also simple. Its
subject is conti nued from clause one ("by that rich man") , and it consists of the i ndirect
object ((ཁལ་གཡག་ལ་) + the direct object (རྩམ་པ་ཁལ་རྒྱབ་གཅིག་) + verb (བཀལ་) + clause connector
(ན་ ས་) .

ཚེClause three starts with a nominali zed phrase meaningi̅"the departure for Lhasa"
(ལྷ་སར་ ཐོན་རྒྱུའི་) . It i s link ed to "prepa ations" (གྲ་སྒྲིག་) by the ge nitive, so that together they
convey the m ea ni ng, "preparati ons for departi ng to Lhasa." The verbal phrase གྲ་སྒྲིག་བྱས་
(
"to m ake preparations") in tuurn is modified by the verb ཚ་ ར་ ་, which conveys the meani ng
of "fi nished"aund is used wi th verbs by bei ng placed imm edi ately after their stem , for
example ཁོ་ཚོས་ཁ་ལེག་ཟས་ཚར་ ་སྐབས་ ("when they finished eating") . The final clause consists
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