Lesson 8209

(Then) , pretending he was a poorfirewood col]ector, he himself took an old beat up axe
and acted as if he was going to cut woodin the mountains. When he arrived on top of the
bridge, he purposely threw the axe into the water, aund (started) cryingloudly. Atthati̅
time, the ascetic once again come to that place. Thelord, whilewipingthetearsfromhis
eyes, i̅said, "My axe fe]l into the water. Ifli̅retuurn home my lord will beat rne."A s soon as
he said that the ascetic, as before, jumpedintothe water and imrnediately gave him his
iron axe. The ]ord shook his headand said, "T hisis not rny axe."The ascetic again
jumped into the water and broughtoutasilveraxe. Thelordstaredatitwide-eyedand
imHmediately said, "This silver axeis good, but iflget a golden axeitwill be best." The
ascetic threw the si]Veraxe bythe feet of the lordand againentered the water and
brought a goldenaxe. The lord said oVer and over again, "That gold axe is very good, "
and took the go]d axei̅from the ascetic"s hands. He (also) picked up the silVer axe from
the groundi̅and, carryingone in each hand, was extraordinarilyhappy. Atthattimethe
ascetic again disappeared. Because of that the lord thought, "If (l) take the two axes it
will be good, " and went quickly (home) . (However) , as soon as (he went) , he fell in the
water and died.
. I0.3 Grammatical notes

. The first segmentconsists ofa single sentence སྔར་ལྷེག་བསམ་ཟེར་བའི་ཕྲུ་གུ་ཆུང་ཆུང་ཞིག་ཡོད་
The first word of this sentence is another of the tempxoralternmsrneaning
"fornler]y" or "in the past." The remainder of the ཚེclause is a simple existential sentence
------"there was a sma]l child." The phrase ལྷག་བསམ་ཟེར་བའི་ཕྲུ་གུ་ illustrates a commoni̅way in
which namesare expressedi name + ཟེར་བ་ + gen. + noun. This glossesas, "A chi]d who
was calledLhaksam." i̅ ཚེ་ i̅
2. The secondsegment consists oftwoclauses . ཁོ་པའི་ཁྱིམ་གྱི་འིཚོ་བ་ཧ་ཅང་སྐྱོ་པོ་ཡིན་ཙང་ 2. ཕ་མ་
གཉིས་ཀ་ས་ཁོ་
པ་ས་བདག་གི་ཁྱིམ་དུ་ལས་ཀ་བྱེད་པར་བཏང་
i̅ The first clause is a linking verb construction that begins with the possessive
subject. "his family"s livelihood" ཁོ་པའི་ཁྱིམ་གྱི་འིཚོ་བ་ It breaks down into the head word
"he" + gen. + "family" (ཁྱིམ་) + gen. + "livelihood." This clause is linked by the "because"
c]ause connectiVe. i̅ i̅ i̅ i̅ i̅ i̅ i̅ i̅
i̅ i̅ The second clause is typical of actiVe sentences in that it begins with the subject
in the instrumental (ཕ་མ་གཉིས་ཀ་ས་།) . The main verbal phraseconsistsi̅oftheinfinitive
construction. sent towork (ལས་ཀ་བྱེད་པར་བཏང་) . Theremainder explains who was sent to
work (heཁོ་པ་) , andwhere he was sent towork ("to the landlord"s house" - ས་བདག་གི་ཁྱིམ་
དུ་)
3. The third segment is a simple active verb ཚེsentence conveying the usual mode ཁོ་པས་ཉིན་
ལྟར་
ཞོགས་པ་ནས་དགོང་མོ་བར་ལས་ཀ་ཧ་ཅང་མང་པོ་བྱེད་ཀྱི་ཡོད་པ་རེད་
It contains the common pattern "from Vup to V" (K ནས་ V བར་ (དུ་) ) , orin this



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