Lesson 8217
The first clause begins with the subject in the instrumental (ཁོ་པས་) . This, howeVer,
relates not to the invo]untau̲ry Verb སླེབས་ ("arriVe") in this clause but rather to the active
Verbs དབྱུགས་ ("threw") in clause two and ངུས་ "cry" in clause three.
Clause twointroduces a new adverb, རྐང་བཙུགས་ནས་། ("intentiona]]y, puuposely") , so
that "at the time (he) arriVed on the bridge, he intentiona]ly threw that axe into the river."
This is linked by the gerundive clause connectiVe to the third clause. i̅
Clause threei̅consists of the active Verb "cry" (ངུས་) , modified by the adVerbial
phrase"loudly"ori̅"inaloudVoice" (སྐད་ཤུགས་ཆེན་པོས་) . Notethatthisisanexampleofthe
instrumental functioning to create an adverbial (see 5 5  2) . Together they conVey, "When
he arrived on the bridge, (he) intentional]y threw the axe into the river and cried loud]y
་ ་
2. The twenty second segment consists of the simp]e sentence སྐབས་དེར་དྲང་སྲང་སླར་ཡང་དེ་
གར་ཡོང་
The sentence begins with the times]ot ternl "at that time" (སྐབས་དེར་) . This is
followed by the subject, "the ascetic" (དྲང་སྲང་) , and the verb "to come" (་ཡོང་) . Between
these is the location of the verbalaction ---"thereto that place" (དེ་གར་) . Theverb ཡོང་ s
also modified by the adverbial "once again" (སླར་ཡང་) . Together they convey, "At that
time, the ascetic once again came there." i̅ ཚེ་ཚེ་ 2
སྟ
་རེ་ཆུའི་ནང་དུ་ལྷུང་སོང་བས་ 3
སྟ
་རེ་ཆུའི་ནང་དུ་ལྷུང་སོང་བས་ 3. ཁྱིམ་དུ་ལོག་ན་ 4. ངའི་དཔོན་པོས་ཉེས་ཀྱི་རེད་ཞེས་བཤད་མ་ཐཁ་5 དྲང་སྲོང་གིས་སྔར་
བཞིན་
ཆུའི་ནང་དུ་མཆོང་ས་ཏེ་ 6. ལམ་སེང་ཁོ་པའི་ལྕགས་ཀྱི་སྟ་རེ་ཁོ་པར་སྤྲད་
The first clause is a simple actiVe ཚེconstruction with its subject in the instrumenta]
(ས་བདག་གིས་) . The actiVe verbi̅is "wiped" (ཕྱིས་) and the object is "tears" (མིག་ཆུ་) . Together
they mean,The landlord wiped (his) tears." The clause connector is (བཞིན་པར་ - "whi]e")
Thus, "the lord, whi]e wiping (his) tears, . . . " i̅
i̅ Thesecondc]auseisonehalfoftheland]ord"sstatementthatendsinclausefour
with the verb བཤད་. It is an inVoluntaury sentence construction whose subject is "my axe"
(ངའི་̅སྟི་རེ་̅) . The involuuntaryverb here is "fell" (ལྷུང་) , and the location of the involuntary
falling is "in the riverwater" (ཆུའི་ནང་དུ་) . The past complement སོང་ comp]etesi̅this
construction. This clause islinked by the "because" connective (བས་) , so that it means,
"Because my axe fell into the water . .་ [[ ] ] i̅ ̅ i̅ i̅ The third clause continues the landlord's speech with a shorti̅conditional phrase
"if Iretuurnhome"
"if Iretuurnhome" (ཁྱིམ་དུ་ལོག་ན་) . Thefourthclauseendsthespeechwithanactive
construction consisting of the subject "by my lo d" (ངའི་དཔོན་པོས་) aund the verb "beat"
(ཉིས་) , accompanied by a futurecomplement (ཀྱི་རེད་) . Clauses three and four, therefore,
conVeys "If Iretuurn home my lordwill beat (me) ." The "as soon as" clause connective

(མ་ཐག་) links this with clause fiVe.


tibetan OCR www.dharmabook.ru
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*