Lesson Nine239
5  This construction disaggregates into two sentences "Obtain merit" (དགེ་བ་ཡོང་) and
"Please save me" (སྲོག་སྐྱོབ་རོགས་གནང་) . For examples of རོགས་གནང་ constructions see 7 13.
6 The Verb "left behind" (ལུས་) ismodifiedby the adVerb "a]one" (གཅིག་པུར་) , conveying
that her children were ]eft behind alone. i̅ i̅ i̅ i̅
Following this there is a construction consisting ofi̅the actiVe verb phrase"tolook
after" (ལྟ་སྐྱང་བྱེད་) , which has been tansforned by theagentive particle (མཁན་) to convey
"the one or person who looks after."Nowfunctioningasanoun, thisexistentialsentence
means, "because there was no. . . ." i̅ i̅ i̅
7. Thisis a longnominalizedi̅construction starting with "by a goat" (ར་ཞིག་གིས་) . Thus a
goat saw the wolf crying (while) saying. . . ." i̅ i̅
. The adverbializing partic]e ང་ང་ hereconvertsthenoun + adjectiVecompound"great
doubt" into an adVerbial unit meaning "in the manner of haVing greati̅doubt." It then
modifies "say" (བཤད་) so that it explains how or in what manner he saidit.
9. Recall that གལེ་ཏེ་ . . ན་ is one of the "if " clause connectives. i̅ i̅
10. མཚོ་ལས་ཟབ་ is a common phrase meaning "deeper than the ocean, " with ཟེབ་ coming
from theadjectivei̅ཟབ་པོ་ ("deep, " "profound") . The addition of the instrumental partic]e
(མཚོ་ལས་ཟབ་པས་) adjusts the phurasesoastosay, "becauseyourkindnessisdeeperthanthe
ocean. . . ." i̅ i̅ i̅ ཚེ
ll. མནའ་སྐྱེལ་དམ་མཅའི་བཞག་ isan example ofaredundaunt construction in that both མནའི་སྐྱེལ་
and ད་མ་མཅའ་བཞག་ convey "taking an oath" or "swearing." Redundant constructions such as
these are verycomHmon. This oath is taken "on" (ལ་) the དཀོན་མཆོག་གཟུ་མ་ ("three precious
things [the Buddha, the clergy and the doctrine]") . i̅ i̅ i̅ 12
construction means "never" will doit "in any amount
construction means "never" will doit "in any amount."
13. མ་ཐཁ་ is one of the "as soon as" clause connectiVes (see 6.2) . i̅
14. The phrase སྟབས་བདེ་པོ་ meauns "conVenient" or "easy to do" andis often used after
active verb constructions to convey that it is "convenient" toi̅do the verbal action. For
example, དེང་སང་ཁ་པར་གཏོང་སྟབས་བདེ་པོ་པདུག་ means " Nowadays it is conVenient to
te]ephone." i̅ i̅ i̅ i̅ i̅
This construction is alsoi̅often used as སྟབས་བདེ་བས་, where it means "because it is
convenient." In this examp]e this phrase is negativized to convey "inconvenient" or ''hard
to do" in the mental rather thaun physical sense. In other words, here it means
"uncomfortab]e"ratherthanphysicallydifficult---thus, "becauseitwashard (hewas
uncomfortable) to eat the goat at once."
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