240 Iesson Nine
15  ང་ག་འིཇམ་ཚིག་མཁས་ consists of two noun + adjective constructionsin which only the i̅
adjective stems (འིཇམ་) and (མཁས་) are used. The conjunction "and" has been omittedThis
type of construction is verycommon. i̅ i̅ i̅
16. Here we see both an emphatic negative (ནམ་ཡང་) and the "possible"auxiliaryverb
(སྲིད་) , together emphatically conVeying the idea, "it is not possib]e eVer that Iwill forget.'
17  གྲབས་ sexplainedin7.ll.
l . ཐབས་ཤིག་ is explained in 9..
19. གནང་དང་ is explainedin 7  12.i̅ i̅ i̅ 20
"sentientcreature"
"sentientcreature" (སྲོག་ཆགས་) . i̅ i̅ i̅ i̅
21. ག་ནས་འིགྲིགས་ is a phrase asking, " How could that be okay ?" It will be discussed in a
laterlesson. i̅ i̅
22. ད་ང་བཅས་ཏེ་ here conVeys "along with" or "together with" (see 6.4 e.h.) .
23. The construction ང་གཉིས་སུ་བདེན་གྱི་ད་པང་པོ་ཞིག་གནང་རོགས་ breaksdownintothephrase ང་
གཉིས་
ཟཐུ་བདེན་ (" (betweeñl) we two, who (is) truecorrect") , which is linked toi̅ད་པང་པོ་ཞིག་ ("a
judge") by the genitive. Theresultant phrase means "a judge who (will decide) which of
us (we two) is correct." i̅ i̅ i̅ i̅ i̅ i̅
i̅ གནང་རོགས་ is a polite imperativemeaning"pleasedoact (asajudge) ."Itsuseis
explainedin 7.12.i̅ i̅ i̅ i̅
i̅ Semantic context indicates that ཟཐུ་ hereisnotthedat]oc.particlebutthe
interrogative "who." In other sentences it can convey the dat]oc., e.g., ང་གཉིས་ཟཐུ་ཁོས་དངུལ་
སྤྲད་བྱུང་།
("Hei̅gaVe money towe two") . i̅ i̅ i̅ i̅
24. ཡིན་མིན་ ("isisnot") conveys whether something "is" or "is not." For examp]e, in the
sentence འིདི་ཆེན་པོ་ཡིན་མིན་ལྟ་, ཡིན་མིན་ is followedby theverb ལྟ་ ("tolook") andmeans "look
whether (this) is or is not (big) " (see 86) . i̅ i̅ i̅ i̅
In this storyit is used with བདེན་པ་, meaning "is oris not true." Theentiresegment
means "Ido not know (མ་ཤེས་པ) (regarding) you two (ཁྱོད་གཉིས་) whose talk (ཟཐུའི་སྐད་ཆ་) is
true (or not true) (བདེན་པ་ཡིན་མིན་) ."
25  This construction uses ལུགས་ to transfornm the verbal phrase ཐོག་མའི་གནས་ཚུལ་བྱུང་ ("the
first events came about") into "the maunner ini̅which the first events came about." The
pluralparticlei̅emphasizesthattherearemultipleeVentsoractions.
2. This is a difficult c]ause. The main verb is གྱིས་, the imperativestem of the verbdo"
བགྱིད་
Note that this is not the instrumental particle. This verb is fo]]owed by the polite
imperativeparticle དང་ sothatthetwomean"pleasedot"


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