Lesson Nine241-
སླར་ཡང་ཐཱེང་ས་གཅིག་ functions adVerbially, conveying that the verbal action was done
"once again, "or "one more time."མཐོང་སར་ means "to the place where something is
seen, " or "in my fie]d ofvision." The patterni̅whereby ས་ susedwithverbstoconvey
"the place where the verbal action occurred" is discussed in 10.13.
27  གཞི་ནས་ is one of the connective particles that occurat the start of the second of two
clauses. It conVeys "then and only then." For example, དེབ་ཀློག་ནས་གཞི་ནས་ཤེས་པ་རེད། ------
"HaVing read the book, then and only then did Iknow." i̅
2. This use of the verb མེད་ plus the nominalizer པ་ plus ཤེས་ is comHmon. It means "knew
that there was no way" (see .6.2) .
29. The verb འིབོད་ means "to call" or "to cry out." Thus, what he called out was the word
"goat." This would have been clearer if the direct quote particle had been used, for
example, ར་ཅེས་འིབོད་
30. རགས་ following a Verb functions identica]]y with གནང་རོགས་ (see note 23) meaning
"please do the verbal action." i̅ i̅
31. དྲིན་ལན་ལོག་འིཇལ་བྱེད་མཁན་ is a construction that consists of the verb phrase དྲིན་ལན་འིཇལ་
(
"to show gatitude, torepay someone"s kindness") plus ལོག་ ("opposite" or "backwards'")
which transfornnsit to དྲིན་ལན་ལོག་འིཇལ་། ("not showing one"si̅gratitude") . i̅
The addition of the verb བྱེད་ plus the agentive particle མཁན་ makesthewholething
a noun phurase modifying "you" (ཁྱད་) andmeaning, "Vou whoare a person who does not
repay kindness." i̅ i̅ i̅ i̅ i̅ i̅ i̅ i̅
32. སྐྱོབ་པར་ཡོང་བར་བསྒུགས་ is a Verbal phrase consisting of two infinitives "wait for (a hunter)
to come to save (you) ."
33. བསྒུཁ།ས་ནས་སྡོད་ཅིག་ consists of twoi̅verbslinked by the simultauneous gerundive ནས་ to
mean "staying in the manner of waiting" (see 5.ll.2) . ཅིག་ is a particle used with Verbs to
conVey the imperatiVe. Here it means "stayl "
34. དོ་ isa sentence-ending construction made by adding an "'o" Vowel to the final ]etter of
the sentence.
9.17..2 Reading number two"The Brief History of Ramoche (Temp]e) "s jo (Statue) "
9.17..[ Tibetantext
ར་མོ་ཆེའི་ཇོ་བོའི་ལོ་རྒྱུས་མདོར་བསྡུས་བཤད་པ།
ར་མོ་ཆེ་གཙུག་ལག་ཁང་ནི། གྲོང་ཁྱེར་ལྷ་སའི་བྱང་ཕྱོགས་སུ་གནས་ཡོད། རྒྱ་བཟའ་ཀོང་ཇོ་བོད་ལ་མནའ་མར་ཡོང་དུས་རྟེན་
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