Lesson Nine 243 -
carried it to the he Ogyɛtaŋ plain in the east of Lhasa. At that place they rea]ized that it
was not the Shakyam uni statue and threw it away. Later, that jo (A kshobhya) statue was
taken to Ramoche aund ]eft there.The buried lo Shakyamuni statue wasleft in the
Tsuglakangtemple. Consequently, thetwojostatuesinthetwotemplescametobe
mistakenly exchanged.
9. I7..2.3 Grammaticalnotesi̅i̅i̅
l. ལྟར་བྱས་པ་ or ལྟར་བྱས་ནས་ has two basic functions. On the one hand it conveys the
meaning intended here, namely, "just ]ike." Thus ལྟར་བྱས་པ་ conveysthatthestatuewas
"just like" Shakyamuni when he wasat the physical size (ཚད་གཞི་) of 12 years old. A nother
example ofthis usageis མོས་རི་མོ་དེ་ལྟར་བྱས་ནས་བྲིས་པ་རེད། ("She drew itjust like thatpicture") .
In other contexts it also can mean "acting just like, " conVeying the idea that the
subject is differenti̅from that which he or she is compared with. The "acting like"
fuunction of ལྟར་བྱས་ is seen in the following examp]es.
a. ཁོས་ར་ལྟར་བྱས་ནས་བྲག་ལ་འཛེགས[
He c]imbed the rockjustlikeagoat. (indicatesheisnotagoat)
b. ཏང་མི་ལྟར་བྱས་ནས་མོས་མའོ་ལ་སྟོད་ར་བཤད།
She praised Maojust ]ike a party member. (indicates she is not a
party member) i̅
2. The pattern དྲུད་ཀྱང་དྲུད་མ་ཐབ་ conveys the idea that "even though they tried to do V, they
were unable to do V." In this case, eVen though they tried to pull it out, they were unab]e
to pu]l it out (free it) .i̅Thefirstverbinsuchconstructionsisinthenonpaststem (ifithas
one) , and the second in the past tense stem. For example.
a. ཆུ་འདྲེན་ཀྱང་དྲང་མ་ཐུབ་ i̅
EVen though (they, he, etc.) tried to irrigate, (they, he, etc.) were
ཚེ་ i̅ i̅ i̅ unable to irrigate (get the water to flow) .
3. ར་ཆེ་ isan abbreviation for ར་མོ་ཆེ་, one ofLhasa"s twomost famous temples.
4. ཟེར་ here acts as a Verb conveying "it is said." i̅
5  Tibetan uses རེ་རེ་ ("each each") to convey that each Khad a V. The nornnal pattern is
V+ རེ་རེར་ ("toeach K") + y + རེ་ ("each vr") . Thus, here, "toeach queen, thereexisteda
templeeach." i̅ i̅
6. The absence of any clause connective or even space after ཡོད་ is common.
7  རེད་ could be used here aswell. 8 ར་ས་འིཕྲུལ་སྣང་གཙུག་ལག་ཁང་ is the full name ofLhasa"s famous Cathedra
8 ར་ས་འིཕྲུལ་སྣང་གཙུག་ལག་ཁང་ is the full name ofLhasa"s famous Cathedra] or Tsuglakaung.


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