Lesson Ten 205 -

. The pattern of noun oradjective + ལན་བསློགས་ conVeys "responding in kind"i̅in the
maunner of the nouun oradjective.i̅Thus ངན་ལན་བསློགས་ conVeys "respxondwith evil" and བཟེང་
ན་བསློགས་ means "respond with kindness." Consequently, ངན་ལན་མ་བསློགས་ན་ conVeys
"unless (one) responds to eVil."
4. The use of ནས་ hereconVeys "via" or"by, "i.e., ཕྱུག་པོ་དེའི་སྒོའི་མདུན་ནས་སོང་ ("went by the
front of the door of that rich person") .
5. This use of the datiVelocative with nominalizedverbs (དྲིས་པར་) is explainedin 6..3.
རྩིས་, the "plan to" partic]e, is explainedin 7.3.

. མ་མཁྱེན་ནམ་ isa negatiVe question meaning "dont you know?" Here it isjoined to ད་དུང་

(
"still") andi̅means"Vou still don"tkn0 w?"
7  གང་ is typically used in measurements to mean "one." For example, ང་ར་ཇ་དཀར་ཡོལ་གང་སྤྲད་
གས་གནང་ ("Pleasei̅giVe me one cup of tea" . Similarly, withi̅measurement units such as
རྒྱ་མ་ (a iin or half ki]ograml) one woul d say རྒྱ་མ་གང་ for "one iin."
8 ཕྲག་ has two meanings. Earlier we saw it meant "shoulder, " but here it conveys round
numbers in multiples of ten, i.e., "tens, " hundreds, " thousands, " "ten thousands, " and so
on.
9. ལ་ in སྦོམ་ལེ་རིང་བ་ ("thick as well as long") functionsi̅as aun adjectiVal conjunctive
meaning "as well as"་ (see 10.3.7) . Note that the addition of the instrumental partic]e (རིང་
བས་)
here means "because." i̅
10. The nomina]izedphrase གོང་ཆེན་པོ་རག་རྒྱུ་ཚེ་ conVeysa future action "the obtaining of a
high price." It modifies the Verbal phrase ཐེ་ཚོམ་མེད་ ("haVing no doubts") , explaining what
it is he has no doubts about.
l l. གཅིག་ཀྱང་མེད་ is a common phrase meaning "there was not eVen one" of something, in
thisinstance, "buyers" (ཉོ་མཁན་) .
12. ག་ལ་ཕོད་ sapatternconsisting of ག་ལ་ ("how could I") + ཕོད་ ("dare") , meaning "how
could Idare." Other such ག་ལེ་ phrases are presentedin Lessons l l and l.
13. The use of ཙམ་ in མགྱོགས་ཙམ་མ་ཕེབས་ན་ conVeys a meaning akin to "ish" or "sort of " in
English, in thisinstance, "ifyou do not go sortofquickly."
14. ཞུས་མ་བྱུང་ངམ་ is a negatiVe rhetorical question construction "Didnt Itell you?"
15  ཕྱིས་དྲགས་པའི་རྐྱེན་གྱིས་རེད་ is a common pattern consisting of adj. stem + དྲགས་པའི་རྐྱེན་གྱིས་རེད་
It conveys the meaning that "it is because of too much of thei̅adjectiVe, "here, "t o late."
For example, དེ་ནི་ཁྱེད་རང་སྐྱོ་དྲ་གས་པའི་རྐྱེན་གྱིས་རེད་------"As for that, it is becauseyou arewere too
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