284 - Lesson EleVen
i̅ T he first, second, and third of these express the idea that "it is not that the verbal
action was not done." ཚེ་ ཚེ་ a
It is not that they were not diligent
It is not that they were not diligent, (they) did not have a good teacher (the teacher
wasn"t good) . (i.e., it means they were di]igent.)
b. ཁོས་ཁ་ལག་འདི་ལ་དགའ་པོ་མ་བྱས་པ་མ་རེད།་ཁོ་ན་བ་རེད།
It is not that he did not ike the ཚེfood, he was sick.
c. ཁོ་ཚོས་ཧུར་བརྩོན་མ་བྱས་པ་མིན་ཀྱང་། ཁོ་ཚོས་ཧུར་བརྩོན་མ་བྱས་པ་རེད་ལབ་པ་རེད།
Even thoughi̅it is not that they didn"t work diligently, they said they did not work
diligently.
d. ཁོས་ཁ་ལག་བཟོ་རྒྱུ་མིན་པ་མ་རེད།
It is not that he is not going to make food.
e. ཁོས་ང་ལ་རྩོལ་བྱེད་རྒྱུ་མིན་པ་མིན་ཀྱང་། ཞོར་ལ་སློབ་སྦོང་བྱེད་ཀྱི་རེད།
Even though it is not that he will not do (manuaul) labor (i.e., even though he will do
manual labor,) (he) will study in his spare time.
f. ཁོས་བོད་ཀྱི་ལོ་རྒྱུས་མི་ཤོད་པ་ཡོང་གི་མ་རེད།
He will not not talk about Tibetan history. (i.e., hei̅will talk about Tibetan history.)
T he fourthandfifthconstructionsexpresstheideathat"thereisnothingwith
regard to the verbal action that was not done" or "there was nothing (or hasn"t been
anything) with regard to the verbal action that was not done."
g. ཁོ་ཚོས་ཧུར་བརྩོན་མ་བྱས་པ་ཡོད་པ་མ་རེད།
There isn"t anything (or there is nothing) they didn"t work diligently at.
h. མོས་བོད་པའི་ཁ་ལག་མ་ཟས་པ་བྱུང་ཡོད་པ་མ་རེད།
There is not any Tibetan food that she has not eaten. i̅ i̅

Doub]e negative constructions are also usedin subordinate clauses. Some typical
examplesaue ཚེ་ i
Even thoughi̅there isn"t anything he hasn"t done diligently
Even thoughi̅there isn"t anything he hasn"t done diligently, the goVernment didn"t give
i̅ him a prize. ཚེ་། ཚེ་ i̅
j. གཞུང་གིས་སྐྱབས་བཅོལ་བ་དེ་ཚོར་རོགས་རམ་མ་བྱས་པ་བྱུང་མེད་ཙང་། ཁོ་ཚོ་ཕྱུག་པོ་ཆགས་པ་རེད།
Because there hasn"t beenanything that the government hasn"t done to he]p the
i̅ refugees, they haVe becomerich.
Firstpersonconstructionstake མེད་
k. ངས་བོད་པའི་གཞས་མ་གོ་བ་མེད།
There isn"t any Tibetan song Ihaven"t heard.


tibetan OCR www.dharmabook.ru
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