290 - ི་ Lesson Eleven
l l .20.1.3 Grammatica]notes
. The title is a cryptic phrasemeaning"gemurination."Itisactuallyanabbreviationof
the phrase ནོར་བུས་ནོར་གཅིན་བཏང་, which means " (by) the precious gem did a gernurination."
The nornal ternl for "urinate" is གཅིན་པ་བཏང་ but here the story embellishes by indicating
that a gem urinated, cal]ing it agemurination, although at this point what that really
means is not clear. Linguistically, the phraseisconstructedbyaddingthefirstsyllab]eof
the word gem (ནོར་) to urine (ནོར་ + གཅིན་) and dropping the པ་ in གཅིན་པ་བཏང་.
2. ན་ as used here in ཡུལ་ན་ conveys neither the "if " verbal connectiVe, nor the Verb "be
sick." Instead it is another of the dativelocative particles meaning "in, " "at, " "to."
3. དེར་ marks the subject in what is basically an existentia] sentence ("to theking, existed
K"------སྣེ་གདོང་རྒྱལ་པོ་་དེར་་ K... ཡོད) . Between སྣེ་གདོང་རྒྱལ་པོ་ and དེར་ is the nominalized phrase
ཟེར་བ་ཞིག་ཡོད་པ་, which means "was one whowas called." Thus, the entire construction
means "to that one who was called Nedong King. . . ."
4. Thephrase བློ་རིག་ཧ་ཅང་བཀྲ་བ་ཞིག་ breaksdowninto བློ་རིག་ ("intel]ect") , ཧ་ཅང་ ("very") , བཀྲ་
བ་
("bright, sharn") , and ཞིག་ ("aone") .i̅Together they ཚེmean "one who was Very
intel]igent." Itismodifiedvia the genitiVeto བློན་པོ་ཉི་ཚོས་བཟང་པོ་ཟེར་བའི་ ("whowascalled
Ministeri̅Ñijösanbo") . ThesetogetherconVey"onewhowasVeryintelligentwhowas
called Minister Ñijösauŋbo." They tell what the King hadi "he had one who was very
intelligent called. . . ."
5  The ར་ in ཞུས་པར་ isan example of the dative]ocative usedwith nominalizedVerb
stemsi̅to conVey "concerning" the verbal action (see 6.6.3) . Here it is used to introduce
the minister's direct speech, i.e., what he said to the king. It would be translated litera]ly
as "concerning what the minister said to the king."
6. The use of རིན་པོ་ཆེ་ here does not convey that the king was an incaurnate lama. It is used
merely as a polite honorific.
7. See li̅ .7.lfor the explanation of འཇུག་ Here ཕྱིར་བཏོན་ནས་འོད་ཟེར་འཕྲོ་རུ་འཇུག་ conveys that
after t king it out (of the treasuury) , he made it so that it shone.
8 The particle ནི་ marks the completion of the nominalized subjecti̅of this existential
construction ("Vis ཚེV'") . The Kis '"as forothersmaking (their) preciousgemsshine'" (གཞན་
གྱིས་རྩ་
ཆེའི་ནོར་བུ་རྣམས་ཕྱིར་བཏོན་ནས་འོད་ཟེར་འཕྲོ་རུ་འཇུག་གི་ཡོད་པ་དེ་ནི་) .
9. Theparticle ཞིང་ functionshereasanadjectiValconjunctiVe (see10.3.7) , joining བརྡྲད་


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