Lesson EleVen 291-
ཉམས་ལྡན་ and སྙན་གྲཁཐུས་ཆེན་པོ་
10. The partic]e མཚམས་སུ་ is one of the "when" connectiVes (5  10) .
l l.i̅The phrase བསླངས་ནས་བཞག་ means"havingset (it) up, leftit."Itismodifiedbyaphrase
indicatingi̅the location of the "setting up"ནུབ་ངོས་རི་ལྡེབས་ཤིག་གི་ཐོག་ཏུ་ ("on the face of a
mountain in the west") . The last portion of the phrase (པ་དེར་) nominalizesit བསླང་ས་ནས་
བཞག་པ་དེར་
("to that which was set up andleft ") .
12. The combination རྒྱུག་ཕྱིན་ is a typical pattern conveying simultaneous action, in this
case, "went ruunning."
13. The particle དང་ functions here asa polite imperativeconveying"please"come (7 12.
14. Tibetan authors frequent]y use abbreViations such as བློན་̅འིཁོར་, which consists of the
first syllables of both བློན་པོ་ ("minister") and འིཁོར་བཅས་ ("retinue") .
15. མཐར་ ("finally, inthe end, at last") is a word that usually is placed at the startofthe
second of two syllables (མོས་བོད་ཡིག་ལོ་མང་པོ་སློབ་སྦོང་བྱས་པ་དང་། མཐར་བོད་ཡིག་ཤེས་པ་རེད་) . It is used
here, however, as a verbal clause connective beingjoined to theverb by the genitive
particle. It conVeys, "looked all day, andin the end. . . ."
16. (ལ་) ཉི་བའི་སྐབས་སུ་ is a phuase conveying "at the time when it was close to. . . .."
17  ལྟེར་ occurs with nomina]izedverbs to convey "like" or "in accordance with" or "in the
manner of." Here it meauns '"in accordance with what he said.'"
18 རྒྱུགས་ཡོང་------like རྒྱུག་ཕྱིན་------also conveys simultaneousaction---"camerunning." Notethat
རྒྱུགས་ is sometimes spel]edwith a final "s."
19. ཇི་ལྟར་ + vb. + ན་ + ལེགས་ is a common construction that meauns, "how is it best to do the
verbal action?"
20. ཕང་ས་པ་ལ་ཨང་ is a common spoken phrase meaning "Oh, what a shame."
2. ག་བྱེད་འིདི་བྱེད་མེད་པར་གྱུར་ isa commonphrasemeaning"hecameintoastateinwhich
there was nothing that could be done."


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