Lesson EleVen 297
sentence "there were twelve different opera troupes in Tibet at that time" (དེའི་དུས་བོད་ལེ་ལྷ་མོ་
ཚོགས་པ་ཁག་བཙུ་ག
ཉིས་ཡོད་པ་རེད་) , which was nominalized by ending it as (ཡོད་པ་) . It then
becomes the subject of the clause, being modified by "all" (ཚང་མ་) . Thus, "a]l twelVe of
the Opera troupes that existed in Tibet at that time. . . ."
5 . འིཁྲབ་སྟོན་ is used here as a verb ("toperfornn a play") , so that the phrase འིཁྲབ་སྟོན་དུ་ཡོང་
becomes "came toperfornma play."
6. This phurase consists of the subjectactor ("the one called Siddhi [གྲུབ་ཐོབ་] Tau̲ngdong
Gyebo" [ཐང་སྟོང་རྒྱལ་པོ་ཟེར་མཁན་]) plusa long nominalizedphrase ("whohadtheexperience
of building") andthen aninstrumentalized demonstrative (དེས་) conveying ་་ bythati̅
Siddhi Tangdong Gyebo." Thus, "By that one, the Siddhi Tangdong Gyebo who had built.
་ ་
Between གྲུབ་ཐོབ་ཐང་སྟོང་རྒྱལ་པོ་ཟེར་མཁན་ and དེས་ isa phrase (modifyingthefornmer)
that says "who had built over 100 ironlink bridges in Tibet" (བོད་ལ་ལྕགས་ཐ་ཁ།་ཟམ་པ་ཁག་བརྒྱ་ལྷེག་
ཙམ་རྒྱབ་མྱོང་ཡོད་པ་) .
7  Thisphrasecouldalsobewrittenwithgenitiveparticles ཆུ་ཤུལ་གྱི་ལྕེགས་ཟམ་གྱི་ལས་གྲ་
8 The phrase རྒྱལ་པོའི་ཁྱི་བརླག་པ་འིཚོལ་དུ་འིགྲོ་སར་ breaks downinto"tothe place (where they
were) going (འིགྲོ་སར་) to search (འཚོལ་དུ་) for the king"slost dog (རྒྱལ་པོའི་ཁྱི་བརླག་པ་) ." རྒྱལ་པོའི་ཁྱི་
རླག་པ་ is a nominalized phrasemeaning"theking"sdogwhichwaslost."
9. The use of བཅས་ here conveys that the enumeration is complete, i.e., inclusive (see 6.4) .
Here it means that there were only the three of them in the household.
10. བུ་མོ་དེ་རང་གི་མནའི་མར་བསྐོང་ the dativelocative particleafter མནའི་མ་ conveys"as"------
"summoned that girl ashis bride."
l l. མིདགའི་བ་ཆེན་པོ་ means "a great not liking, " the syllable མི་ here functioning as a negatiVe
("no") ratherthantheword"man."Theuseof བྱས་ verbalizesthis.
12. The phurase རང་ལ་དགའི་བའི་ ("who liked self ་) refers to the queen and modifies and i̅
describes བླན་པོ་དང་ང་ན་འིབྲེ་ལ་ ("ministers and accomplices") "the ministers and accomp]ices
who liked (herself) the queen."
13. We encountered གྲབས་ in 7.llwhere it Conveyed "about" to do the verbal action. This
clauserevealsa secondmeaning for གྲབས་ "prepare" to dotheverbalaction. Thus, གསད་
གྲ
བས་བྱས་ཀྱང་̅conVeysi̅"even though (they) preparedtokil] (her) ."
14. The dativelocative particle makes the phrase བསད་མ་ཐུབ་པར་ ("notabletokill") an


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