298 - Lesson EleVen
adVerbial phrasemodifying ཤོར་ ("escape") . Thus, "'sheescapedinthemannerofnot
being able to be killed."
15  པས་ལུས་ is a pattern used with active verbs to convey that the subject was "left behind"
or "left over." In this case it is redundant, emphasizing that the girl was left aliVe. Other
examples of this are ཚེ་ དུ་ས་ཚོད་ཏག་ཏག་མ་སླེབས་པས་ལུས་པ་རེད

(He, she, etc.) didn"t arriVe there at the exact time and was left behind.
ཁང་པ་དེ་ཆུང་དྲགས་པས་ལུས[
i̅ That housei̅was too small so it was left (ie., not sold orrented) .
Sometimes the dativelocative is also used with ལུས་
ཁོ
འི་ལས་ཀ་ཚང་མ་བྱེད་མ་ཐུབ་བར་ལུས[
He was unab]e to do all his work, and some was ]eft (unfinished) .
16. གང་ plusan adjective stem conVeys "as Kaspossible." This གང་ཟབ་ meansas goodas
pxossible and གང་མང་ means "as many as possible."
17. རྐྱང་ is used with nouns to rnean "completely." T he usual pattern is to take the first
syllable of the noun andrepeat it followed by ཀྱང་ Thus གྲྭ་པ་གྲྭ་རྐྱང་ means "completely a
monk" or "a true monk." Similarly ལྐུགས་པ་ལྐུགས་ཀྱང་ means "a comp]ete idiot."
l . This use of the noun + dative]ocative + གཏོང་ para]]els the adjective + dative]ocative
+ གཏོང་ constructions seen in 10.3.2 q. Here གཏོང་བཏང་ conveys "made intoa beggar, "
whereas ཆེ་རུ་བཏང་ means "made bigger."
19. This segment isa bit confusing. དགོན་པར་དགེ་འདུན་རྣམས་དབྱར་གནས་ཞེས་ཆར་དུས་ཀྱི་མཚམས་ཟུ་
ཞུགས་པའི་སྐབས་དང་བསྟུན་གནའ་བོའི་དུས་སུ་ཞོ་ཡི་སྟོན་མོ་དྲང་ས་སྲོལ་ནས་ཞོ་སྟོན་ཞེས་གྲགས་པ་རེད། breaks down
first into དགོན་པར་དགེ་འདུན་རྣམས་དབྱར་གནས་ཞེས་ཆར་དུས་ཀི་མཚམས་སུ་བཞུགས་, which means "the
monks stay in the monastery during the rainyseasonwhichiscalled"yarne" (summer
retreat) ."
This is followed by སྐབས་དང་བསྟུན་, "in accordancei̅with that timecondition, " and
then by གནའི་བོའི་དུས་སུ་ཞོ་ཡི་སྟོན་མོ་དྲང་ས་སྲོལ་, which conveys "in ancient times there was a
custom of a yogurt banquet being brought." The last sectioni̅says "from this it came to be
knownas"shodön" (ཞོ་སྟན་) Thus, theentire segmentmeans "inaccordance with themonks
inDrepungmonasterystayingduringtherainy seas0 ni̅in"summerre Iea̲tl' i̲nt] pa̲bt
there was the Custom of a yogurt banquet, and from this it came to be known as "shodön."


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