Lesson Twe]Ve 309
"by means of " is indistinct. c
Hespoke to her by telephone
Hespoke to her by telephone. i̅ i̅ i̅
It should be noted that another way to convey the meaning of "via" is by meau̲ns of a བརྒྱུད་
ནས་
construction. ཚེ་ d
Isent severalletterstoTibetVialndia
Isent severalletterstoTibetVialndia.
12. I.3 The "in addition to" function of ཐོག་ i̅ i̅ i̅ i̅ i̅
A nother use of ཐོག་ expresses the meaning of "in addition to." It can be used with
nouns and verbs. ཚེ་ a
In addition to the money which was giVen before
In addition to the money which was giVen before, (they, he, etc.) again gave 20 , 000
dollars. b
In addition to being selectedas a delegate
In addition to being selectedas a delegate, he had toi̅do the work of party chairnlan.
Notethat སྒང་ (cf.5 10) alsofunctionstoconVey"inadditionto."
c. འཐུས་མིར་བདམས་པའི་སྒང་ལ་ཁོས་ཏང་གི་ཧྲུའུ་ཅིའི་ལས་ཀ་བྱས་དགོས་བྱུང་སོང་།
In addition to being selectedas a delegate, he had to do the work of party chairnlan.
12. I.4 The "during, " "at the time of, " and "when" functions of ཐོག་
a. ཆུ་ཚོད་་ཐོག།
at ten o"clock b
The children sang the national aunthem
The children sang the national aunthemwhen they got up.
c. རྐུ་མ་དེ་མཚན་མོ་རྟོག་ཞིབ་ཐོག་འཛེན་བཟུང་བྱས་པ་རེད།

(They) arrested the thief during their eVening inspection.
12.1.5 The "concerning" function of ཐོག་ i̅ i̅ i̅
Finally, ཐོག་ can also convey the meaning of "concerning, " ori̅"with regards to, " or
"about."Whei̅n thisis intended,ཐོག་ typicallyi̅is preceded by the genitive and may or may
not haVe a dative]ocative particle following it.
a. འཆར་གཞི་དེའི་ཐོག་རྒྱ་གར་གཞུང་གིས་གྲོས་མོལ་གནང་བ་རེད།
The IndianHGoVernment held discussions about that plan.
b. ཁོ་ཚོའི་ཐོག་ལ་རྩད་གཅོད་བྱས་པའི་སྐབས་སུ་


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