Lesson Thirteen331
They are discussedin the next section.
13.1.6 A djectival polar compxounds
The polar type ofadjectivali̅compound functions the same as the nominal polar i̅
compound discussed above. It consists of two comparatiVe adjectiVe stems having opposite
meanings. The oVera]l meaning is either conjunctive oran abstract notion deriving fom
both. For examp]ei̅ i̅
ཆེ་ཆུང་ big + sma]l = size
རིང་ཐུང་ long + short = ]ength, distance
ཚ་གྲང་ hot + co]d = temperature
བཟང་ང་ན་ good + bad = qua]ity
སྐིམ་རླན་ dry + wet = dampness
མཐོ་དམན་ high + ]ow = height
I3. I.7 A djectiVal postmodifying compounds
i̅ i̅ These consist of a noun in thei̅first syllable s]ot and the firstsyllable of the basic
adjectiVerornmin the second. Theadjectiveinthesecondsy]lab]edescribesthenouninthe
first, and theresultant compoundis a new noun.i̅The main difference betweenthis
construction and that of nornmal adjectival modification is that only the first sy]lable of the
adjective is used. For example, ཚོགས་ཆེན་ ("big meeting, general assembly meeting, p]enary
meeting") consists of the noun ཚོགས་ ("meeting, assemb]y") and the first syllable of ཆེན་པོ་
a. ང་ཚོགས་ཆེན་ལ་འགྲོ་གི་ཡིན།
I"m going to the general assembly meeting.
b. ཁོང་གིས་ཚོགས་ཆེན་ཐོག་གསུང་བཤད་གནང་བ་རེད།

He gave a speech at the big meeting.
Other common examples of this are
རྒྱལེ་ཡོང་ས་ nationkingdom + all overall = nationwide, national
བླ་མཐུན་ mindthought + harnlonioussimi]ar friendly = state of
having the same opinionsthoughts = comrade
ལས་གསར་ workworker + new = new workworker
མི་ང་ན་ man + badevil = evi] person
13..8 Verbal compouunds i̅ i̅
[ ]Verbalcompounds consist of N.-Vb., Ai̅dj.Vb., andVb.Vb.combinations. Inallof
these, theresultant compound is a nominal, which then can be used with verba]izers such as


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