Lesson Thirteen 333
གཡོ་འིགུལ་ shakemove + shakemove = shaking, moving
13.1..3 Verbal summation compounds Vb.- Vb.
These compounds consist of sy]lablesi̅ (verb stems) with di ferent meanings. The
oVerall meauning is the summation of the two independent ones. For example, བཅས་བསྒུར་
(
"reforn'") is comprised of བཅོས་ ('"to correct'") and བསྒུར་ ('"to change'") . Like the earlier
example,these function as nounsaund take the standard Verbalizers. Some common
compoundsare i̅ i̅ i̅
འིཛུགས་བསྐྲུན་ planterect + make = construction, building, deVe]opment
འིབོད་བསྐུལ་ ca]l + urgeincitedemand action = appea]
སྲུང་བརྩཽཾ་ defend + respect = respect, honor
གསོག་འིཇོག་ save + keep = deposit, savings
འཕུར་བསྐྱོད་ fly + go = flying
I3.1..4 Verbal polar compounds Vb.Vb.i̅ i̅ i̅ i̅ i̅
These compounds consist of verbs with opposite meanings. The oVerall meaning is
usually the abstractideaderiVedfomthetwoi̅syl]ables, althoughitmayalsobesimplythe
conjunctiVe meaning with each syllable retaining its independent meaning. For example,
འིགྲོ་སྡད་ breaks down into "going"i̅and "staying" and together means either "movement" or
"going aund staying" ཉོ་ཚོང་ ("buying + selling") has the genera] meaning of "trading."
a. ཁོའི་འགྲོ་སྡོད་སྐོར་སུས་ཀྱང་ཤེས་ཀྱི་མི་འདུག།
Nobody knows (anything) about his moVements.
b. ང་ཚོ་འགྲོ་སྡོད་ཐག་ཆོད་མ་སོང་།
We didn"t decide whether to go or stay.
Other examp]es of this type of compound are.
བཤད་ཉན་ telling + listening
འིབྲི་ཀློག་ writing + reading
ཐོབ་ཤོར་ winning + ]osing
ཟ་བཏུང་ eating + drinking
སྐྱེལེ་འིདྲེན་ transportto + transportfrom = shipping
13. I.8.5 Verbal premodifying compounds Vb. + N.
In these cornpounds the first syllab]e (Verb) modifies the second syllable, e.g., སྡོད་
ཁང་
= "]ive'" + "house" with the oVerallmeaning"ahousetoliVein"or"residence."Some
common examples are
འིགྲོ་ལམ་ go + road = a road (to gootl)
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