Lesson Fifteen 375
l . སྙམ་དུ་བསམས་ is a redundant phrase meaning "thought thinking."i̅This juxtaposition of
two equivalent inVoluuntary verbs is sty]istic and adds no new meaning.
19. རེ་བྲལ་ means རེ་བ་བྲལ་, "separatedfromthehope"ofi̅doingsomething. The"something"
here is གསོན་, which isreally an adjective meaning "liVing" or "being a]ive." Thus together
they mean, "As for me, IhaVe no hope of staying a]iVe." i̅ i̅ i̅ i̅ i̅
20. ཨང་̅is a spoken term that is used with verbs to convey a polite imperative. Hereitis
usedwith the imperative གྱིས་ ("do") and གཟེབ་གཟེབ་ ("becarefu]") tomean Takecareof
yourselft" i̅ i̅ i̅ i̅
2. T his type of construction conveys causation------"doing something so that he can meet
. (see l l.7.3)
22. See 10.3.3.
23. གང་ here means "one" rather than its more nomnal meaning of "what." Thisis
discussed in 7  14.1.4.2.
24. པ་ན་ when used after Verb stems means "when" the verbal action occurred.
l .9 Vocabulary i̅ i̅ i̅
ཀོ་བ་ boatmade from hide i̅ སྐྲ་ལོ་ plait (ofhair) i̅
དཀའི་བ་སྤྱད་ vi. to undergo, hardship བཀྱངས་ཕྱག་ type of prostration where
བཀབ་ va. p. of འགེབས་ handsare completely
བཀོད་ va. p. of འགོད་ stretched out in front,
བཀྲེས་སྐོམ་
huunger and thirst i̅ ------འིཚིལ་ བཀྲོལ་ va

]oose, undid knots ointment, oi], etc
རྐང་ལྕེགས་ ]eg-irons, shackles, fetters བསྐོར་ va p of སྐིར་ i̅
རྐང་མཐིལ་ sole (of foot) བསྐྱིར་ "repeating'" particle
ཀྱལ་པ་ skinleather bag ཁ་འགྲམ་ nearby, close to i̅
སྐད་ "it is said" particle ཁ་ངོམས་ vi.toquench (thirst)
སྐུ་གམ་ inat the presence of (h.) ཁ་ཆག་ chipped edge, broken
སྐོར་ l.about, concerning 2.va. ཁ་ཆེམསི་ wil], i̅lasttestament
to surround, encircleto ཁ་ཏོན་ praying, Va. ------འིདོན་
goaroundi ཁག་པོ་ hard, difficult
circumambulate ཁུང་བུ་ small hole
སྐྱབས་འིཇུག་ a request, favor, va. ------ ཞུ་ཁོག་ལྡིར་ teapot i̅
ཀྱིཻ་བ་ a lifetimei̅ ཁྱིམ་འཇིན་མ་ housewifefema]e househ1
སྐྱེ་བ་སྔོན་མ་ a fornlerlife i̅ i̅ head i̅
སྐྱེ་བོ་ person peop]e, mankind ཁྲ་ལྷེམ་ལྷེམ་ glittering, sparkling


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