386 Lesson Sixteen
wei̅were youung, father in his spare time did such things as examine the urine and stool of
patients andgive out Tibetan medicine. Similarly, from small he iked singing and
dancing, and not only always played the hojin andyangjin, but occasionally gathered
together with musicians in Lhasa and played with them again and again for p]easure.
When hereached the age of about 20 , he took as (his) bride a girl (from the)
aristocraticfamilyofLhegubainTanag, andshe[lit., thatone]boretwochildrenchaba
Rusu Wangcheni̅Vulha, and Bema Dromapug. Afterthat, hewenttoLhasatopetitionto
become a lay official in the o]d government aundjoined the raunksofofficials. Becausehe
was goodin writing andarithmetic, he was soon appointedasDziba ("accountant'') in the
Revenue Office. During the 10 years that he held the position of "accountant, " he worked
di]igently.Because he was very capable, he first came to be famVous as "D) , ziba" Iuungshar
[i.e., people first came torefer to him by the name Dziba Luungshar].
i̅ Oncei̅when father"s wife went to Lungshar"s estate for doing the autumn harvest

[i.e., overseeing it], she unfortunatelydiedthere. Afterabout3 yearspassed, (he) married
my motherDendzin Droma. (She)got (bore) us children, 5 boysand one girl. i̅
In 19 ll, while the 13 th Da]ai Lama was living in India, he became cognizant of
much foreign news and consequently came to think that to improveTibetwehaveto
spread new (kinds of) knowledge. In 1913 , he selected several youths firom among the
aristocracy, and gaVe my father the task of being in charge of them ---of going aund
delivering them toi̅school in England. Together with this, (he gave himl) the rankof
Rimshi. (The Da]ai Lama) sent (among these childrerl) KhenrabHGünsang Möndrong,
Rinzin D ཡེorjechangöba, WangdüNorbuKyibugba, andSonamHGomboHGonggarwa.

(Lungshar) went together with them to the English Capital London. The English
government appointed Gou]d Sahib as ]iaison officer aundLengden Sahib (a Tibetanl) as
internreter andreceived (the Tibetans) . The Tibetan GoVernment gaVe them (the boys
andLuungshar) identification papers andletters, etc. The four children were placedin the
school called Rugby in Eng]and. i̅ i̅
i̅ i̅ As for the special trainingthateachchi]dwastaught (inEngland) Khenrabi̅
Günsaung Möndrong was (taught) mining, RinzinDorjechangöbawastaughte]ectricity,
WangdüNorbu Kyibugba was taught telegraphy aund mapping, and SonamHGombo
Gonggarwa was taught military affairs. After they all finished their studies (graduated) ,
(they) retuurned to Tibet. i̅ i̅ i̅

At that time, my father and mother studied spoken and written English a little and
alsoi̅went on tour to places such as France aund Italy. My father was veryinfluenced by
foreign ways of doing things and came to think that unless Tibet refornms its o]d system a
little, there was a danger. Ifyou ask why (this was needed) ?Later, father, whenever he


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