Lesson Sixteen 387
had time read histories in English andi̅when we household members were assembled and
seated, he would tell us about history in story fashion------of how in the past in France the
king of Francewasi̅destroyedbecauseofchangedcircumstancesandaboutthe
destruction of the king of Italy. i̅ i̅ i̅ i̅ i̅
A fter fatherretuurned to Tibet, the Dalai Lama treated him specially and gaVe him
the position of Revenue Headi̅ (Dziböñl) . At that time, they were in the midst or expanding
the Tibetan mi]itaury organization, but there was insufficient income for the mi]itary
salaries and consequently a plan was made to collect extra grain. TheBabshiOfficewas
established (to collect it) . Concerningit, theDalaiLamaapprovedtheappointmentofi̅
DrunyichemmoLosang Tenkyong aund my father DzibönDkorjeTsegyeLungshartobeits
heads. They imposed extrai̅grainleViesonsuchsourcesascouncilministers"estates,
generals" estates, aristocratic estates that were not the one for which the official served
the goVernment. (Similarly, they were levied) on all those among the religious sector and
the Debön midra, theVabshiaundotheraristocratswhohadextraestatesthathadbeen
obtained without proper title. (In this manner) the large families had to pay extra leVies of
4 5 , 000 ke oti̅gain, aund the fami]ies beneath (theml) leVies of seVeralhundredke.
Because or this, the old goVernment got a Very large amount of grain. Afterwards, toward
the end of the Dalai Lama's ]ife, the old grain storage places (of the government) were
basically full. In someregions there was eVen noplace to store all the grain.i̅
i̅ Because the target of thei̅extra grain ]evies was the larger Debön midra (fami]ies,
negative public opinion concerning my father Dzibön Lungshar was disseminated from
one group of the highest officia]s. Nevertheless, becausetheDalaiLamalookedafter
(himl) at that time, he had good supportandnobodywasabletohaurnl (himl) . HoweVer,
because of that, afterwards, as explained below, he met a great misfortune.
l . l .2.3 Grammatical notes

. ཙམ་ ]iteral]y means "a little" but here is usedasa convention to convey modesty on the
partofthewriterab0 uthisfather"sknowledge.i̅
ེ་མཉམ་གཏོང་ and སྤྲོ་སྐྱིད་ both go with the Verb གནང་, conVeying that they "played together"
and "made merry." ཡང་ཡང་ functions asanadverb. i̅ i̅ i̅
3. སྐིབས་ཤིག་ལ་ is simply a version of the "when" connectiVe. It conveys "at one time" with
respect to the verba] action thus ཕེབས་སྐབས་ཤིག་ལ་ means "at one time when (she) went."


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