སྒ---------U སྙིརྞྞཱཾཚེརྞྞཱསུU ཚུཚེཚེ༔སུ··V7
The G]ossaury Consists of a]] the words and grammatical particles used in the
lessons. ToenablethisbooktobeusedasareferencegamHmar, thelessonandsection
where each grammaticallyrelevant particle is explained are includedin the g]ossary
entry. For examp]e, ཙང་ is listed as causa[ Connective (5.91) , the number in parenthesis
indicating that the explanation of ཙང་ s usage can be found inLesson5 , section 9.
Grammatically releVant constructions such asབའི་རྗེས་སུ་ are alsoincluded even
though they really consist of two or more gammatica]ly definable components བ་ + འི་ + རྗེས་̅+ ཟཐུ་ Citingsuchi̅constructionsasunits
main particle རྗེས་
main particle རྗེས་, willeasetheuser'stasko[flndingsuchcompoundsintheglossary.
Nouns that conVey verbal meanings when used with verbalizing Verbs (e.g. noun = a telephonenoun + གཏོང་ = verb = totelephone
main noun
main noun. The following exampleillustrates this
ཁ་པར་ telephone, Va. ------གཏོང་
ཁ་པར་
in this example is the noun "telephone." The verbal meaning "to te]ephone" (ཁ་པར་
གཏོང་) is indicated by listing the verba]izing verb (གཏོང་) after the meaning of the noun. The
fomat of "va. ------i̅གཏོང་ breaks down asi̅fo]]ows va. = active verb, the em dash (------)
indicates the main entry. Verbal meanings such as "to telephone" wi]l only be trans]ated
in Cases where the meaning of the compoundis not clear. In the above case, the meaning
is self evident.
ཀ་ཚེ་ infinitive particle (5  15) གཅིག་ and negatives (7.14.
ཀ་མེད་ "nochoice" (l l.13) l.4.2)
ཀ་ལ་དབང་པོ་ p.n. ཀྱང་་མ་ཐུབ་ see9.17..3.2 i̅
ཀུང་ཧི་ ch. commune ཀྱི་ . genitiVe particle (5 . 14)̅2.
ཀུན་ all, entire, eVery relative clauses (6.6.lj
ཀོ་ཐག་ leather rope རྐུ་སུ་ ftl)
ཀོ་བ་ l.leather, 2.boatmadefrom ཀྱི་འིདུག་ presenttensecomplement
hide O ་)
ཀོང་ཏུང་ ch. Guangdong ཀེ་ b དྨ) ཟ་ sees རྐུ་ ཀོང་པོུ་ clongpon
ofLhasa
ofLhasa) ་ (3.5)
ཀྱང་ l. also, even (4.6.4.7) . ཀྱིརདདུ་ . see གརད་། "even though" clause i̅ ཀྱིན་འིདུག་ present tense comp
connective
connective (7.2) 3.with (3.5)
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