Lesson Ten 267 - ༢༦༧
i̅ A s for Lhasa"s "Great Prayer—Festival, "whichisfamousinTibet, itistheprayer
meeting in which thousands of monks participate inLhasa"s Cathedral (Tsuglakaung)
temp]e. It was establishedin the year 1404 by the greati̅ (lama) Tsongkaba. Because the
Fifthi̅Dalai Lama gave all power withini̅Lhasa"si̅outer circumambulation roadtothe
DisciplinauryOfficersfor the21daysofthefestival (lit., duringthattime) .
On thei̅4 th day of the l st Tibetan month, the event calledi̅"arraungingtherows"is
done. The (actiVity) cal]ed "arrangingtherows" (inVolVes) showing (lit., introduces) the
monks where their seats are. From thei̅5 th onwards, the "prayerfestival"reallybegins.
During the timei̅ (of the festiVaul) , the Tibetan goVernment not on]y gives tea, stew, i̅and
money distributions (to the monks) but there was also the custom thatrich people in
Lhasa give tea and money gifts (to the monks) in accordance with traditionalamounts. As
for the 15 th, it is the important festiVal known as the "Offering of the Fifteenth." On that
day, at dusk, (they) erect many "offerings" in thei̅Bargor (circular pathl) of Lhasa. As for
these big "offerings, " they consist of mauny beautiful artisticfornlsmadefromco]ored
butter that haVe been put on a large scaffolding. These "offerings" on the averageaue15
meters high. The Dalai Lama comes to view the "offerings" and at that time soldiers are
stationedin the Bargorand the common people are not allowed to come into the Bargor.
After the Dalai Lama has finished seeing the offerings, the people come to haVe an
audience with the "offering."
Dhuring the old society, not only did about 8000 monks from Sera, 10 , 000 from
Drepuung, and about 5 ༽ , 000 fromHGanden participate in this, but many monks came eVen
from other monasteries.
I0. I.2.3 Grammatical notes
. ལྡེན་པ་ hereadjectivi esi̅སྐད་གྲཁ།ས་ ("fame") , makingit སྐད་གྲཁས་ལྡན་པ་ ("famous") ------see
2. Ts0 ngkapa (ཙོང་ཁ་པ་) isthe name0 fthe f0 under of the Gelugpa sect. རྗེ་ ("lo d") and ཆེན་
པོ་ ("great") are commonly added to denote respect.